Chapter-4-Notes

Chapter-4-Notes - Chagter 4 Siajrierics(D...

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Unformatted text preview: Chagter 4 Siajrierics (D S’raiirfiiw " w: a 13mm 3112:. ProbabiH-J $3M ' M. (1.3, n film) gym! m M) flu flu. WifiQmm %flfu. WM . mm a Mann—rue, Consiclm, WW I114; Mm {00 Us. emm'es W lam [flea/1m Civcu‘altwk/ M lampjm 4:: his+ogmm (1’ 1%. 51‘63umcies will. UM mm M §pe£1¥ic W055 {474309. W: Histogram for Masses of -1 00 Circulating U.S. Pennies kw 1 a A! 1 a 2.991 11010 3.029 3,043 3.06? 3.088 3.105 3.124 3.143 3.162 3.181 to. to to In 10 10_ to 10 to to to 3,009 3.023 3,047 3.056 3.085 3.104 3.128 3.142 3.161 3.180 3.199 Weightofplnnblty] A Gaussian distribution curve based on x and s is superimposed on the histogram. 0V"? +9.1. thours% ”LR? (Q) 400 § Number of bulbs Meumtranmiflar bound to . channel protein Figure 4-1 (a) In the absence of neurotransmitter. me ion channel is closed and cations cannot enter the muscle cell. (b) In the presence of neuro— transmitter, the channel opens, m “'3“ cations mm the cell. and (a) {1'} muscle anion is initiated. Histogram of Cation Current Passing through Individual Channels of a Frog Muscle Cell (922 Measurements) 200 150 Gaussian lil Number of observations 8 (3) flu . . -. fiudfifa 00*: Sim e. ' flu ML )1; pk W - M gamma Hilwg a5: £~I)vafl:mg} xx) M W - M. uhmé ' W53“ at“ (.o'Iw-a. t5- GM Mam CARE? Q emigrdidribdinh )3» W X M W W}, A; fin §oHowin3 Quinn... . .. .. Y = 1 e—(X—X)/252 T‘QL pra~axponan+iafl COHS‘IUMT s 2” In IBM Lane in JIL 01km 3&1“ .. In PMG\IZG.JI‘II>VI fucker MM akflu/mulmnidmw Xi W)- - WfluGussim {a fimwmmifipfimm qflwwm HHMMWWW XMWMQA WW0. X ”MMMW auwf. fight—LWM I OJ Mfiafium: Mama a}; W,flumm:flu (é) m amouM;%W4/wfl4dflk IIIIIIIIII IIIIIHIIIII I _I ‘- hzggl I [ll-mp: p=Oatlefi ‘3! I..___ ‘ IIIIIII {\‘IIIIII NIIIIII ‘1‘ ‘KQMOW‘R s+mBqu10n cm Wk «19 ($4) prom a. Gauscxamfl Um!“ WWW% M'smhowmm'wxq. ’¥Sl w 0m hours. (Eavo’) a 63.3%... (.521me hr (8115.320) M 9552, 5&Sflml HQ? hr (845* 50") M ‘W ’4? The shaded area is probability that the next measurement will have a value in that range. Consulting Table 4-1; From 0 to 10': 0.3413 From 0 to 20'= 0.4773 Therefore From —10' to -20 = 0.1360 0.1 mcbngrizkw Ifiwuafl .. . H H (CO OR. o I " S Hum. M a ($70 goba‘oflfly M M nex’r WW Waa‘fi L513 2+ wiUW aanuqu U. S. (Tessa who “SNMI: )- .Pumism Wig“ ‘1 n 03% “t {/uflstm :‘R‘0-+Pl$+lCLQ Pffjfa :9, :1- _ ..ur ost. TEE (ong‘dm l inkman \LL Agéhfi4 (4-6 ) Confidence interval: [4. = f + 13 VS aer flu M al.0— M“Wé WWW MCH‘A) t ' — 1344 mjfimmmefi W4 Wflummmflweo‘umnw _ TM H '3 ngagmi Q mat—390$, N3. CM ram) flwmfiu 136‘ q f (Dhficlana. {WWW magi-2W much, So DOF= 7 X= 22010114? 5 s -= 0 00 I38 3 {= 2,9513 iromTa/HLH Thu» M = 2.2‘1‘W4 it (0.00136XQH‘1?) I __....._._.........__.__.-——— (33% ,u = 2 2224*; * 000mg 3 (W and w) film) 1} M qgfo \Oro‘oairauzj. m ‘H-9 15m; \Jcflagu” 4 mm M. W 2. TOWN owl 2.300%9 wfl W $9qu, )2: 2.2M.——0.001 (1 WA 17r___ "m km W fig W3 mWwiEa/ZT $3030 - 1,000. OJ- 1; mg (fig: Four point MW 07‘ W ‘0 fix Comp M Yew? S W 062019311111. é} From TaMc. L142 mm n—.l...‘-'-‘_3 at so]; Probabih‘b/J 1°: omwm Jr G a ' ' 9k mm lOO "mm. m (obis a .\ 53$ 1% use mag Hmpom wififi M mfg-‘34,.“ ' Ln: . flu 9min W 7th mflu M3 twmm 7% my“ W 902:». (b) Com ar‘m D; fiemfi Dcflwéfifl —S+MJ€W‘:§1CEJ “6.011.. I ICb-vupar'ts-o'h I 3—K tr fi‘ ’IrvGan. A fidp‘ucafl W woufld J11 Ca ibmfiém 4 am. .. MM 105 Wflufluwzge 4...... 37k a S{- m (Arou'xM ‘03 MIST (MMIx/xm .SMYILQOMAWTECMHDH ). fl SICW ‘ 4% MM 0M Mam (IUH'el H0 plaid-01M? LJQ M Waqu. rehab”! ’33 fidufiflumfi. ‘° 47 O New Km 5. WHEEL WWW mwofi OfSa Con§icllwu W9 4/) W: flziififif 0""- 3mm 8WMWJ4 WM ik“M”Jm.QM,/MJ 139% *é flax/mm mm W' ”H“ - (“-35% fl 4W '41 “VI; UK. "HM/ll, ill 6‘5% Pro‘oabilify +61 M1 in I $.fl film I fliw iofifiid W32 frobabihvgig; Xia ' ' Mflxé—mmfl, SRAEHUAM 4m,” 3633} M m ' Amps—Eta? x. cm) 3'62 am m wiwu'm experiwdfl mun wkflu Qwthé Z Probah" \i‘3_ Th; :3 "\l #3 m'émohmfioum; WEB?“ Q szLW fir ____/ COVI‘S‘iOLOMR MAW {ca-RE 51W % "gram 0% Emu/t 015% ME (”rm ".2) “cut; fab. >£TMXBM X174)? 3} £&<mwjamfluwgfl@ M X1=><Z ( ___Z @3de M). Two m m W W Table 4- 3 Masses of gas isolated by MTM Liz-3 Lord Rayleigh From themisul detoniposiiion (g) From air (9) 1*“ M (3'00“ 1“” 2.31017 2.301-43 ‘ an M) .95; 2.30986 2.29890 - . (N ) 5mm 2.31010 2.29816 . ‘ 2.31001 2.301 82 daéwic MEGAN-a C. W 2.31024 2.29869 0 g - 2.31010 2.299 40 N“ ‘15 0m [)ZM 2.31028 2.29849 0‘40 O; M W W —— 2.298 89 Average . . 2.31011 2.299 47 0% film M1311 flit W12 9 Standard deviatinn 0.000 143 0.001 38 SOURCE: R. D. Larsen. 1. Chem. Ed. 1990, 6?. 925:5" also C. J. Gianth. Chem. Ed. I998, 75 1322. WMWNW (4'83) calculated :2: film 9300:) {TathgyLSt‘omr—K—M "[51 WW? flu 50F 4m 50% Z Am 042i?» 0W H-qa. _._L/_+_5%/_)__)} _ 2 (10 (4-93) Degrees of freedom = (Gig/"02 + (Sg/"zy n, + 1 n2 + 1 From Ru dam imTaMn “-3) {entail = 2L? M [30F = 7.5a W ?. 13%: we 7% “Fifi" W43 ' jg; g b can i on - 0% con-Simjww M E wow/“524% art (t7) wfimhmws’tm fl’lk 1) Fa& Si 1 flu. Poms 5m- DOFé S; For Qaylmi ’5 data er 0.0014 bar-=7 (8—H S): 0.0001”L DoF-cto GM) M F= ‘1.2| «away/1’s F3511. == ‘13, W20 3. owl 3:. am 6” Voila < F-hHa. flux“ ”6% W3 Cam arm me-l'flocfl A Mi Vine-WA €> (fl (MP 5W 323m pies 2mg / Pair% Wowaam :dem am.) am am WWW-M M Orv—Q?) mm ' M Comm) vaF’f flu. Ens? Wk If 619% H—lb Mm fwd cm (411) t J?— JV"- 63W H-H mum—5d n wa “gum" (‘33 Cam M W W Manamjrlzivli; WBQM? fievmmd} Ila v‘ffifidg‘efimm m3 um Mach JIM acguirinj-FBM ' m pond in» Mgmfilfl wfifiw Mamba -— Le. didoWiCfin obsessw jam-112““ W Ojibwa-EL me —17(Mw pad :20 GAussiam dis’frik g3 W 1% W“ ” WEWM wwmm OMigechuc Cri‘brion COD/M m. M flifimm ouTiB’u P“ m "w gap 3“ P 69} (4'13: Qcalculated = range \-n W, 29.9 30.2 '50.? 31.4 gaff L________l M3436 Q= (ec.H_3I-H\ = 15.0. ___ 035 (34.4 -— 2%?) 6‘31 MW of qgf away“ qomyw mama gumm = Lag: “0.61! So 69015;): 0710 Harth 3W QCoch > QT‘L‘OIG Q From V2: “ML wit” n: S 0.?2‘1 DUB Rmbaclm I/s-o M Mao Add.“ m: 93) 1firm 0H? 0- 92‘ (a ‘3‘? ’L_J Values of Q for rejection of a data point (20> Number of Observations Q (95% confidence)‘ 3 0.970 4 0.829 5 0.710 6 0.625 7 0.568 8 0.526 9 0.493 10 0.466 11 0.444 12 0.426 13 0.410 14 0.396 15 0.384 16 0.374 17 0.365 18 0.356 19 0.349 20 0.342 21 0.337 24 0.321 25 0.317 26 0.312 27 0.308 28 - 0.305 29 0.301 30 0.298 *Qcan; = gaplrange. If Qaalcuiatod > Game, the value in question can be rejected with 95% confidence. SOURCE: David B. Rorabacher, Analytical Chemistry 1991, 63, 1 39-146. ...
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