Zumdahl_chapt_12_sanitized

Zumdahl_chapt_12_sanitized - Chapter 12 Chemical Kinetics...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 12 Chemical Kinetics 12.1 Reaction Rates 12.2 Rate Laws 12.3 Form of the Rate Law 12.4 Integrated Rate Laws 12.5 Summary of Rate Laws 12.6 Reaction Mechanism 12.7 A Model for Chemical Kinetics 12.8 Catalysis Chem 105a – All reactions were static A reaction vessel contains 10.0 g of sodium chloride and 10.0 g of sulfuric acid. How many grams of hydogen chloride gas can be produced? Chem 105b – Reactions are dynamic A reaction vessel contains 10.0 g of sodium chloride and 10.0 g of sulfuric acid at 300K. How many grams of hydogen chloride gas can be produced in the first 10 minutes? Chem 105b – Reactions are dynamic A reaction vessel contains 10.0 g of sodium chloride and 10.0 g of sulfuric acid at 300K. What is the rate of hydogen chloride gas production after 10 minutes? Which way is downhill? Which way is downhill? Elevation: 184 ft ~ Sea Level Chapter 12 vs Chapter 16 Elevation: 184 ft ~ Sea Level Chapter 12 vs Chapter 16 vs Chapter 16 Elevation: 184 ft ~ Sea Level Chapter 12 vs Chapter 16 Elevation: 184 ft ~ Sea Level Chemical Kinetics in time change parameter in change Rate Average = Reactant concentration Time Chemical Kinetics in time change parameter in change Rate Average = Reactant concentration Time t initial t final [initial] [final] Chemical Kinetics time ion concentrat reactant in time change parameter in change Rate Average ∆ ∆ = = Reactant concentration Time Rise Run Chemical Kinetics time ion concentrat reactant in time change parameter in change Rate Average ∆ ∆ = = Reactant concentration Time Rise Run Chemical Kinetics Reactant concentration Time (time) ) (parameter Rate ous Instantane d d = Chemical Kinetics Reactant concentration Time (time) ) (parameter Rate ous Instantane d d = Chemical Kinetics Reactant concentration Time (time) ) (parameter Rate ous Instantane d d = Chemical Kinetics We need to define some terms Sign and stoichiometry of reaction rates Consider the hydrogenation of ethylene C 2 H 4 (g) + H 2 (g) → C 2 H 6 (g) Sign and stoichiometry of reaction rates Consider the hydrogenation of ethylene C 2 H 4 (g) + H 2 (g) → C 2 H 6 (g) Hey! The rate of the reaction is two moles per minute! Sign and stoichiometry of reaction rates Consider the hydrogenation of ethylene C 2 H 4 (g) + H 2 (g) → C 2 H 6 (g) Hey! The rate of the reaction is two moles per minute!...
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This note was uploaded on 10/26/2008 for the course CHEM 105BL taught by Professor Warshel during the Summer '07 term at USC.

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Zumdahl_chapt_12_sanitized - Chapter 12 Chemical Kinetics...

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