Zumdahl_chapt_14

Zumdahl_chapt_14 - Chapter 14 Acids and Bases 14.1 The...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 14 Acids and Bases 14.1 The Nature of Acids and Bases 14.2 Acid Strength 14.3 The pH Scale 14.4 Calculating pH of Strong Acids 14.5 Calculating pH of Weak Acids Chapter 14 Acids and Bases 14.6 Bases 14.7 Polyprotic Acids 14.8 Acid-Base Properties of Salts 14.9 The effect of Structure on Acid-Base Properties 14.10 Acid-Base Properties of Oxides 14.11 The Lewis Acid-Base Model 14.12 Problem Solving Strategy Acids and Bases Historical definitions Arrhenius Acids produce H + Bases produce OH- Acids and Bases Historical definitions Bronsted-Lowrey Acids proton (H + ) donor Bases proton (H+) acceptor Acids and Bases Historical definitions Lewis Acids electron pair acceptor Bases electron pair donor Acids and Bases Reactions of acids with water HA( aq ) + H 2 O( l ) H 3 O + ( aq ) + A-( aq ) Acids and Bases Reactions of acids with water HA( aq ) + H 2 O( l ) H 3 O + ( aq ) + A-( aq ) Proton Proton Donor Acceptor Acids and Bases Reactions of acids with water HA( aq ) + H 2 O( l ) H 3 O + ( aq ) + A-( aq ) Proton Proton Donor Acceptor Acid Base Acids and Bases Reactions of acids with water HA( aq ) + H 2 O( l ) H 3 O + ( aq ) + A-( aq ) Conjugate Acid Base Acids and Bases Reactions of acids with water HA( aq ) + H 2 O( l ) H 3 O + ( aq ) + A-( aq ) The position of equilibrium results from the competition between H 2 O and A- for the proton. Acids and Bases Reactions of acids with water HA( aq ) + H 2 O( l ) H 3 O + ( aq ) + A-( aq ) The position of equilibrium results from the competition between H 2 O and A- for the proton. The position of equilibrium results from the competition between the base and the conjugate base for the proton. Acids and Bases Reactions of acids with water HA( aq ) + H 2 O( l ) H 3 O + ( aq ) + A-( aq ) The position of equilibrium results from the competition between the base and the conjugate base for the proton. The stronger the acid, the weaker the conjugate base. Acids and Bases Reactions of acids with water HA( aq ) + H 2 O( l ) H 3 O + ( aq ) + A-( aq ) ] H [ ] ][ O H [ 3 A A K K a eq-+ = = Acids and Bases Reactions of acids with water ( that we write when we get lazy ) HA( aq ) H + ( aq ) + A-( aq ) ] H [ ] ][ H [ A A K K a eq-+ = = Acids and Bases Acid Dissociation Reactions NH 4 + ( aq ) H + ( aq ) + NH 3 ( aq ) Fe(H 2 O) 6 3+ (aq) H + ( aq ) + Fe(H 2 O) 5 OH 2+ ( aq )...
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This note was uploaded on 10/26/2008 for the course CHEM 105BL taught by Professor Warshel during the Summer '07 term at USC.

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Zumdahl_chapt_14 - Chapter 14 Acids and Bases 14.1 The...

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