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Zumdahl_chapt_21_sanitized

Zumdahl_chapt_21_sanitized - Chapter 21 Coordination...

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    Chapter 21 Coordination Chemistry 17.1 Transition Metals 17.2 First Row Transition Metals 17.3 Coordination Compounds 17.4 Isomerism 17.5 Bonding - Localized Electron Model 17.6 Crystal Field Model 17.7 Biologically Important Complexes 17.8 Metallurgy
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    The importance of being "d"  Transition  Metals  More than one oxidation state  Cations often form  complex ions  Most compounds are colored  Many compounds are  paramagnetic
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    The importance of being "d"    More than one oxidation state   Cations often form complex ions  Most compounds are colored   Many compounds are paramagnetic Many compounds are paramagnetic
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    The importance of being "d"   Many compounds are  paramagnetic
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    The importance of being "d"  Paramagnetic = unpaired electrons = attracted to magnetic field  Many compounds are  paramagnetic
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    The importance of being "d"  Transition  Metals   More than one oxidation state  Cations often form  complex ions   Most compounds are colored Most compounds are colored   Many compounds are paramagnetic Many compounds are paramagnetic
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    The importance of being "d"    More than one oxidation state  Cations often form  complex ions   Most compounds are colored Most compounds are colored   Many compounds are paramagnetic Many compounds are paramagnetic The Co(NH 3 ) 6 3+  Ion
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    Electron Configurations Figure 7.26 Electron Configurations for Potassium Through Krypton [Ar] + … Ar
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    Electron Configurations Why exceptions? Must consider TOTAL energy of system!
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    Electron Configurations - Ions Must consider TOTAL energy of system! The energy of the  3d orbital  in the ION is significantly less than the  4s orbital .
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    Electron Configurations - Ions Must consider TOTAL energy of system! The energy of the  3d orbital  in the ION is significantly less than the  4s orbital . First Row Transition Metal Ions Sc 3+    Zn 2+ Do not have 4s electrons!
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    Coordination Compounds Transition metal complex ion + counterion(s)
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    Coordination Compounds Transition metal complex ion + counterion(s) Cl - Cl - Cl - Co(NH 3 ) 6 3+ [Co(NH 3 ) 6 ]Cl 3
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    Coordination Compounds Transition metal complex ion + counterion(s) Cl - Cl - Cl - Co(NH 3 ) 6 3+ [Co(NH 3 ) 6 ]Cl 3
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    Coordination Compounds Dissolves in water to form FOUR ions Cl - Cl - Cl - Co(NH 3 ) 6 3+ [Co(NH 3 ) 6 ]Cl 3
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    Coordination Compounds [Co(H 2 O) 6 ]Cl 3 [CoCl(H 2 O) 5 ]Cl 2 [CoCl 2 (H 2 O) 4 ]Cl
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