Journal #1.rtf - Last Name 1 History 1302 Journal#1...

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Last Name 1 History 1302 Journal #1 Chapters 16-21 Entry 1- Chapter 16- America’s Gilded Age 1870-1890 What was The Second Industrial Revolution? The period in which the United States became a leader in the word’s industrial output is known as The Second Industrial Revolution. It occurred during the end of the Civil War and the early twentieth century. The United States, by 1913 produced one-third of the word’s industrial output. A great deal of American, by 1890 were employees instead of being self-employed were now working for wages. The government instilled high tariffs to prevent foreign competition. The government also granted land to railroad companies to promote new construction. The Indians from the western land were removed from their own land because the farmers and mining companies wished to use it. Entry 2- Chapter 16- Politics in the Gilded Age How were the politics during the Gilded Age? Corruption scandals were very common during this time. Under President Grant the Whisky Ring was created. The Whiskey ring included united Republican officials, tax collectors, and whiskey manufactures that defrauded millions from the federal government. The Credit Mobilier scandal that implicated Vice President Schuler Colfax was also a huge scandal that made a major negative impact. A firm whose relationship with the Union Pacific Railroad was protected from government investigation by Vice President Colfax. The Credit Mobilier was a formed by an inner ring of Union Pacific Railroad stockholders, that allowed them to sign contracts with themselves. The New York’s Tweed Ring, stole tens of millions of dollars for the city. This disrupted and interfered with all
Last Name 2 neighborhoods. The leader, William M. Tweeds conned the people such as immigrants with promising private welfare systems. Entry 3- Chapter 17- The Segregated South – The Decline of Black Politics How did the decline of African Americans decline? In 1877 Blacks continued to vote in large numbers, despite the push back of the Democrats. They reconstructed the district lines and substituted appointive for the elective officials in areas with a black majority. Even with a few blacks serving in Congress the restrictions put into place made it hard. Other areas such as the church, business and the law deemed greater opportunities for black men than politics. Black women created The National Association of Colored Women in 1896. Urban Black female activist made it their mission to preach about “respectable” behavior to gain equal rights. When

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