Lect 9 - Toddlers, preschool, school age.docx - Toddlers Preschool and School Age http\/www.quickmeme.com\/p\/3vpjf Defnitions Toddler 12-36 months

Lect 9 - Toddlers, preschool, school age.docx - Toddlers...

This preview shows page 1 - 5 out of 13 pages.

Toddlers, Preschool, and School Age Defnitions - Toddler – 12-36 months - Preschooler – 3-5 years (3 rd birthday – 6 th birthday) - School Aged – 6-11 years Growth and Development Continue to get Well Child Checks, every 3-12 months (spaced out as they get older) Growth slows, as compared to infancy Steady, stair-step growth o Steady height, then grow up, then steady, then grow up o Growth spurts  pain in long bones Growth and Development Considerations by Age Toddler Milestones 12 months o Walking, but falls frequently o Eating table foods with fngers o Wean bottle o Enjoys putting objects into containers o Says about 3 words (Mama, Dada with meaning and one other word) o One word sentences (NO!) 15 months
Image of page 1
o Walks well on their own o “go fetch” is fun! o Feed themselves, starting to use utensils o Scribbles 18 months o Runs (everywhere!) o Removes clothing items - independence o Says 10 or more words o Huge interest in parent’s activities . Mimics everything. Domestic mimicry 2 years o Up and down stairs (alternating feet starting 2.5 y) o Two foot jump o Stand on one foot (briefly) o Dresses self alone, but improperly o Draws a “circle” and line o Vocabulary of at least 30-50 words, up to 300 o 2 word sentences (“Me do.” “More please.”) Preschool Milestones 3 years o Knows their gender o Draw a circle, cross, and lines o Rides tricycle o Vocabulary of about 900 words, learns 5-6 new words a day o 3 word sentences (“I love you.” “I want cookie.”) o 75% of language is understandable to adults who are not primary caregivers 4 years o Skips o Hops on one foot o Dresses self properly o Uses scissors o Draws a person with 6 parts – stick fgure o 4 word sentences. Asks incessant questions. Why -want explanations o 100% of language is understandable to adults who are not primary caregivers 5 years o 5 by august 1 st to go to kindergarten o Jumps rope, skates, swims o Use bathroom by self – void, stool, wipe alone o Knows ABCs, numbers May know capitals but not lower cases
Image of page 2
o Prints letters o Drawing and coloring School Age Milestones 6-8 years o Rides bicycle o Beginning to read o Obeys triple commands – go inside, get coat, come back outside o Notice items missing in pictures 8-10 years o Hobbies o Concentration o Coordination o Counts backwards 10-12 years o Fine & gross motor skills are adult-like o Clumsy during growth spurts o Writing stories o Close relationships with friends (important as child separates from parents more) Look at the picture below. How old do you suspect is the child who drew it (stick fgure)? 7 years old 3 years old 4 years old 8 years old Psychosocial Development Toddlers
Image of page 3
Erikson (2 nd stage) Autonomy vs Shame and Doubt (Will) Develop sense of will My behavior is my own and can have an effect on my environment and others Negativism – says no Ritualism – child likes routine, consistency Allows them to try new things with reliable schedule to
Image of page 4
Image of page 5

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 13 pages?

  • Spring '17

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture