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Toddlers, Preschool, and School AgeDefnitions-Toddler – 12-36 months-Preschooler – 3-5 years (3rdbirthday – 6thbirthday)-School Aged – 6-11 yearsGrowth and DevelopmentContinue to get Well Child Checks, every 3-12 months (spaced out as they get older)Growth slows, as compared to infancySteady, stair-step growthoSteady height, then grow up, then steady, then grow upoGrowth spurts pain in long bonesGrowth and Development Considerations by AgeToddler Milestones12 monthsoWalking, but falls frequentlyoEating table foods with fngersoWean bottleoEnjoys putting objects into containersoSays about 3 words (Mama, Dada with meaning and one other word)oOne word sentences (NO!)15 months
oWalks well on their owno“go fetch” is fun!oFeed themselves, starting to use utensilsoScribbles18 monthsoRuns (everywhere!)oRemoves clothing items - independenceoSays 10 or more wordsoHuge interest in parent’s activities. Mimics everything.Domestic mimicry 2 yearsoUp and down stairs (alternating feet starting 2.5 y)oTwo foot jump oStand on one foot (briefly)oDresses self alone, but improperlyoDraws a “circle” and lineoVocabulary of at least 30-50 words, up to 300o2 word sentences (“Me do.” “More please.”)Preschool Milestones3 yearsoKnows their genderoDraw a circle, cross, and linesoRides tricycle oVocabulary of about 900 words, learns 5-6 new words a dayo3 word sentences (“I love you.” “I want cookie.”)o75% of language is understandable to adults who are not primarycaregivers4 yearsoSkips oHops on one footoDresses self properlyoUses scissorsoDraws a person with 6 parts – stick fgureo4 word sentences. Asks incessant questions.Why -want explanationso100% of language is understandable to adults who are not primary caregivers5 yearso5 by august 1stto go to kindergarten oJumps rope, skates, swimsoUse bathroom by self – void, stool, wipe aloneoKnows ABCs, numbersMay know capitals but not lower cases
oPrints lettersoDrawing and coloringSchool Age Milestones6-8 yearsoRides bicycleoBeginning to readoObeys triple commands – go inside, get coat, come back outside oNotice items missing in pictures8-10 yearsoHobbiesoConcentrationoCoordinationoCounts backwards10-12 yearsoFine & gross motor skills are adult-likeoClumsy during growth spurtsoWriting storiesoClose relationships with friends (important as child separates from parents more)Look at the picture below. How old do you suspect is the child who drew it (stick fgure)?7 years old3 years old4 years old8 years oldPsychosocial DevelopmentToddlers
Erikson (2ndstage)Autonomy vs Shame and Doubt (Will)•Develop sense of will•My behavior is my own and can have an effect on my environment and others•Negativism – says no•Ritualism – child likes routine, consistency•Allows them to try new things with reliable schedule to