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Unformatted text preview: PSY 101 Spring 2008 Study Guide for Exam 1 The purpose of this study guide is to focus your attention on the important concepts in each section, enabling you to maximize your study time. The majority of the exam questions will be developed directly from it. Keep in mind that as you study the topics listed, you will need to read over the text and the lecture notes . Exam items will come from the text, lecture, and video clips . What is Psychology? Definition of Psychology o Word deriving from Greek roots o Systematic study of behavior and experience (mental processes) Major Philosophical issues: o Free will vs. Determinism: definition of both. Free will belief that behavior is caused by an individuals independent decision-making Determinism assumption that everything that happens has a cause or determinant in the observable world o Mind-brain problem: Monism view that conscious experience is generated by and therefore is inseparable from the brain Neuroscience, etc. Dualism belief that the mind is separate from the brain but somehow controls the brain and through it also the rest of the body Phineas Gage case: Who was he? o 25 year old railroad foreman What happened to him? o An accidental explosion drove a tamping iron (3cm by 1m) through the left cheek and through the top of his head Importance of his case o Damage to frontal lobe Dramatic difference in behavior o Nature-nurture issue: What is this debate about? How do differences in behavior relate to differences in heredity and environment? o What psychologists do? Psychologists in teaching and research, service providers to individuals and service providers to organizations. Focus on: Biological psychologists o Study brain processes that are involved in behavior Psychiatrists Psychoanalyst o Type of therapeutic technique (Freudian approach) Clinical psychologists o PhD in Psychology Cognitive psychologists o Cognitive = thought o Basically learning and motivation o How it is people think o What they know, the processes that underlie what they know Industrial/organizational o Interested in optimizing the work environment Behaviorists o Seek to study the observable behaviors associated with what is generally referred to as learning What degrees do they need?...
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- Spring '08