rhetoric review 22-1

rhetoric review 22-1 - Review for Exam #2: COMM 301 This...

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Review for Exam #2:  COMM 301 This exam will be next Wednesday, April 2.  Same format, same scantron form as last time.   Isocrates  (textbook,  Chapter 4 , we didn't go over this in class, but it's fairly simple):   Isocrates' significance in classical rhetoric: o   He had a weak voice, he was unable to be heard by large groups out-of doors, and this after  all was how the Athenians Assembly conducted its business.  o   He was naturally timid; he had what would today call an advanced case of stage fright  o   Isocrates could not become an outstanding citizen-orator, but instead he would train Athens’  future leaders  o   Isocrates found a school of speech, the first permanent institution of higher learning in his  native city  o   He became the foremost speech teacher of ancient world  why "speech" is important speech separates humans from all othe animals  underlies all of the important institutions of our society-- law, education, morality  use speech for debate public policy, to resolve problems in our own minds,  nothing of substance in society is accomplished without the aid of speech.    his approach to education (blending of philosophy and rhetoric, the citizen-orator).  
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Isocrates' approach to education was innovative in that he made widespread use of imitation  and models.  he insisted in providing each of his students with individual attetion.  Citizen-orator: the aim of Isocrates' system of education was the developmen of citizen- orators, not orators per se. What is declamation (recognize example) Declamation:   advance rhetorical education involved a rich variety of skills, perhaps, the most  distinctive.  Example 1:    A certain commander, being surrounded by the enemy and unable to escape,  came to an agreement with them, by which he was to withdraw his men, leaving behind their  arms ans aquipment. This was done, and so his men were saved from a hopeless situation with  the loss of arms ans equipments. The commander was accused of high treason.  Example 2 :  the law forbids the sacrifice of a bull calf to Diana. Some sailors caught by a storm  on the high seas vowed that if reached a harbor which was in sight they would sacrifice a bull  calf to the deity of the place. It so happened that at the harbor there was temple of Diana, the  very goddess to whom a bull calf might not be sacrificed. Ignorant of the law, the made their  sacrifice on reaching shore and were brought to trial.    how Cicero's speech in defense of Milo illustrates the stasis or stock issue system Stasis or Stock Issue System: the issues upon  which a debate may hinge: [1] fact, [2] defined, 
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This note was uploaded on 10/26/2008 for the course COMM 301 taught by Professor Aune during the Spring '08 term at Texas A&M.

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rhetoric review 22-1 - Review for Exam #2: COMM 301 This...

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