3-3 A.docx - Edwards 1 Kyle Edwards Professor Dye Origins...

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Edwards 1 Kyle Edwards Professor Dye Origins Science 8 November 2014 Lesson 3-3 A Our atmosphere is capable of transforming certain atoms in the upper part of the atmosphere due to the reactions. The reactions occur from certain atoms colliding with the atmosphere at such high speeds. This is part of the formation of Carbon 14, but what takes place first is cosmic rays splitting atoms into pieces. Then Neutrons that are part of the pieces of the molecules run into other molecules. Then when a Neutron collides with a Nitrogen 14 atom, the Nitrogen 14 atom then turns into a Carbon 14 atom (because the neutron is captured by the nitrogen atom, a proton is released as a result, then in the nitrogen atom a proton is turned into a neutron which allows for the release of carbon). A few other reactions can occur as well to create Carbon 14, and the reaction must be between Oxygen 17 and neutrons and then He 4 with Carbon 13. Carbon 14 is naturally occurring within the world only because of reactions within the upper atmosphere (Brown). Carbon 14 enters organisms through being absorbed through the
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