105.docx - According the Bronze Age conception of moral...

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According the Bronze Age conception of moral virtue, virtue: could only be achieved by warriors through prowess in battle. According to the text, the modern western conception of the individual was developed in part: in popular literary culture during the Middle Ages According to the text, the modern western conception of the individual was developed in part: in popular literary culture during the Middle Ages After Alexander's death followed a period of turmoil. With the fall of the polis to tyrants and foreigners, Greeks of the Hellenistic Age turned to: the pleasures of private life at home Although not always correct, Franz Gall is regarded by many to be the founder of cognitive neuroscience, because he was the first to seriously propose the idea that the brain _______. is the seat of the soul. Although the concept of association of ideas is very old, only _________ made it into a central principle of mental operation, calling it the "gravity" of the mind. Hume Although the Reformation had no direct impact on psychology, it did have an important outcome on the history of psychology. Both Protestants and Catholics alike began to look inside themselves for grace, paving the way for Descartes introspective philosophical method Although today psychologists use the term "participant" for people taking part in a psychological study, the initial term "subject" was introduced to psychology by: French clinical psychologists Aquinas sharply broke with Neoplatonic faculty psychology when he claimed that: soul and body form a natural unity Aristotle distinguished between memory and knowledge. This distinction reflects the modern distinction of: episodic and semantic memory
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Aristotle distinguished four forms of causation. Applying these to explaining why a given animal is what it is (e.g., a cat as opposed to a dog), the soul fulfills all of the 4 causes EXCEPT: material cause As a voice for Christian Neoplatonic philosophy, St Bonaventure believed: The essence of a person was at the soul and it had 2 sorts of knowledge. The author of the text argues that, "Science describes the natural world with soul-consciousness, and subjectivity subtracted. Science describes the natural world as it is from no perspective, as if there were no people in it at all". The author's statement summarizes the idea of_________? The View From Nowhere The author of the text notes that there are two reasons why psychologists have underestimated the influence of religious ideas of the soul (psyche) on conceptions of the mind. One of these reasons is: psychology is aggressively secular, putting religion behind it as it follows science. The author of the text points out that much of our early intellectual history is mysterious for several reasons. An example of this is: Plato's belief that few people are capable of handling the truth about the world with the result being persecution, and destabilization.
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