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Analyzing Historical Documents
In this activity, you will reference two primary-source historical documents: Declaration of Sentiments by
Elizabeth Cady Stanton and the Pearl Harbor speech by President Franklin Delano Roosevelt. While you read,
complete the following tasks.
As you read, take notes on the important information in each document. Enter your notes in the tables provided
below. Your notes should include summaries of each document’s key points, main ideas, and arguments. (You
will need your notes to complete Task 2.)
Declaration of Sentiments Notes
purpose or main
The purpose or main idea of the Declaration of Sentiments Document was to apply the
rights men had and grant them also to women because they’re humans too.
evidence of bias The author is by Elizabeth Cady Stanton
the document was signed in 1848
We hold these truths to be self-evident; that all men and women are created equal; that they
are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that among these are life,
liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; that to secure these rights governments are instituted,
deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed. event or
movement The signing of both men and women to pass equal rights and justice to women. Other purpose or main
idea Pearl Harbor Speech Notes
The purpose or main idea of the Pearl Harbor Speech was that he asked Congress for a
formal declaration of war. author
evidence of bias The author of the speech was president Roosevelt
“I ask that the Congress declare that since the unprovoked and dastardly attack by Japan
on Sunday, December 7, 1941, a state of war has existed between the United States and
the Japanese Empire.” event or
movement “December 7, 1941—a date which will live in infamy—the United States of America was
suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan.” Other Using what you learned in this unit, examine the sources provided to answer these questions (You may need to
do additional research):
Who authored the document?
I think who authored the document was the publishers of and the publishers of the
National Park Service.
What is the purpose of the document? When was the document written?
The purpose of the document was to rewrite everything in an easier format. One of the documents were written
in February 2015, and the other was recently written.
What significant historical event or movement does the document represent?
The significant historical event or movement the document represents is Roosevelt’s speech, and Elizabeth’s
movement to pass equal laws to women. Read each primary-source document critically, and answer these questions: Do you notice any exaggeration, stereotype, or emotional appeals that may hint at the author’s bias? How does the
author form his or her argument?
No,I did not notice any exaggeration, stereotype, or emotional appeals that may hint at the author’s bias. What are the important themes, main ideas, and arguments presented in the document?
The important theme and arguments presented in the document is reflecting Roosevelt’s speech and Elizabeth’s
document. Task 2
Referring to your notes and the provided documents, w
rite a two- to three- paragraph essay that describes how
these two primary-source historical documents make their respective arguments. Compare and contrast the
arguments presented in the documents. Make sure your essay addresses these questions:
● What techniques do the authors use to form their arguments?
Is there any evidence of bias or stereotypes? Here are some resources to help you write your essay:
Research and writing information
Creating a thesis statement Using the author-date system, make sure you provide parenthetical, in-text citations for any information you
use from outside sources, including the two provided documents. When you have finished, reread your essay
to check for all of the points above, and then proofread it to be sure your work does not contain errors in
grammar or spelling.
Type your essay here:
These two arguments Declaration of Sentiments and the Pearl Harbor Speech compare and contrast in many
various ways. The techniques these authors use to form their arguments is by backing up their point with reliable
and trustworthy evidence.
There is an evidence of stereotypes in these two documents because in the document “Declaration of Sentiments”
it states that “The history of mankind is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations on the part of man toward woman, having in direct object the establishment of an absolute tyranny over
her. To prove this, let facts be submitted to a candid world.” This shows that that this
document is mainly applying to women’s rights as a human and how they are also equal. In The Pearl Harbor Speech by President Roosevelt, the document is mainly referring to the
attacks on the US and to ask Congress for a formal declaration of war. “I ask that the Congress
declare that since the unprovoked and dastardly attack by Japan on Sunday, December 7,
1941, a state of war has existed between the United States and the Japanese Empire.” ...
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