Unformatted text preview: Task 1 Analyzing Historical Documents In 1954, the Supreme Court handed down a unanimous decision in the case of Brown v. Board of Education of
Topeka, Kansas. The decision stated that “separate educational facilities are inherently unequal” and began the
process of national integration of public schools. In response, southern legislators in Congress signed a
statement of opposition to the court’s decision.
1. Read the declaration of resistance to Brown v. Board of Education, which has been called the
Southern Manifesto .
a. Then write a brief essay of one to two pages examining the following question:
i. Why did the authors of the Southern Manifesto claim that Chief Justice Earl Warren’ s decision
was a threat to the US constitutional order?
1. Consider what type of arguments they make. Can you link their argument to any
other situations in US history?
Follow the steps described below, and use the links to help you formulate a well-organized and well-reasoned
essay with a clearly stated thesis, or argument, in response to the assignment.
Use the dropbox to submit your final version to your teacher, along with notes taken during the course of your
Gather sources. Before writing your essay, review these resources:
● Research and Writing Info Center
● Creating a Thesis Statement
● Methods for Writing a Quality Paper
● Chicago Manual of Style: Author-Date System
● The Warren Supreme Court
● Brown v. Board of Education
Then begin gathering additional sources —either online or otherwise—to support the views you present in your
For each source, consider the following questions:
● Who authored the document?
● What is the purpose of the document? When was the document written?
● What significant historical event or movement does the document represent?
Read and evaluate sources. Next, examine each source and think about how you will use it to
support a thesis. Be an active researcher by asking the following questions about each source you reference:
● What is the credibility of the source? Is there any noticeable bias?
● How does the author form his or her argument?
● What are the important themes, main ideas, and arguments presented in the document?
3. Write your essay. Reference your notes and the provided documents to w
rite a short essay . Be careful to
keep the following ideas in mind:
● To avoid plagiarism, make sure to cite your sources properly with in-text citations as well as a
● When you finish, reread the essay to check for all of the points above, and then proofread it to be sure
your work doesn’t contain errors in grammar or spelling.
Why did the authors of the Southern Manifesto claim that Chief Justice Earl Warren’ s decision was a threat to the US
constitutional order? Consider what type of arguments they make. Can you link their argument to any other
situations in US history? Type your 1-2 page essay here:
The Southern Manifesto was a document written in the South in 1956, which attempted to push back
against Brown V. Board of Ed., which stated that racial segregation in school was illegal. Their
argument being that the US Constitution nowhere mentions education. Task 2 Analyzing Sources For this task, you will be reading and analyzing two articles on the 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago. The first article is about the convention and its bosses , and the second is about the police response to demonstrations . Before reading either document, read through the instructions below. Part A Read each document and take notes on the key information in that document. Enter your notes in the appropriate table below. Article 1: Convention Bosses Haynes Johnson 1968 democratic convention date and location published August 2008 Chicago Is this a primary source? Explain. It is a primary source because it is a Magazine Why did the author consider the welcome sign ironic? At the International Amphitheater, name and author of article How does the author describe the impact of the convention? What events are responsible for the failure of the United States to enter a “golden age” after Johnson’s 1964 victory and the passage of the Civil Rights Act? How did Humphrey win the nomination? Could a candidate win in a similar way today? Who were the other candidates in 1968, and what were the major differences among them? name and author of article Article 2: Police Response date and location published Is this a primary source? Explain How does the article describe what happened in Chicago? How does the article characterize Mayor Daley? Describe the actions of the demonstrators. Describe the actions of the police. Where was the United States pictured as a police state? Who were the protestors? conventioneers found that the primary entryways, displayed after a White House colonnade, had been bulletproofed. The lobby itself was encompassed by a steel fence finished with spike metal. The author described the impact of the convention very angry and crowded. Major event which stopped this concept of enter into full golden age was outbreak of Vietnam war on a huge scale and American involvement. Humphrey entered the race too late to participate and he relied on favorite son candidates to help him win delegates yes Richard M nixon Republican 301 Hubert H Democratic 191 Humphrey George C American 46 Wallace Independent What was the primary goal of the protestors? Battle Ground Chicago Frank Kush Chicago Press 1968 Yes it is because it has direct quotes from an article The article describes what happened in Chicago from a police’s perspective sociopolitical The actions of the demonstrators were rioting The action of police is that they were protecting themselves and the community in danger No The p
rotesters were radical groups The p
rimary goal was to riot and destroy Part B Reference your notes and the provided documents to write a three- to four-paragraph essay that describes how these two primary-source historical documents form their respective arguments. Compare and contrast the key points, main ideas, and arguments presented in the documents. Make sure your essay addresses the following questions: ●
● What techniques do the authors use to form their arguments? Is there any evidence of bias or stereotypes? Using the author-date system, make sure to cite your sources properly with in-text citations as well as a works cited page for any information you use from outside sources, including the two provided documents. When you have finished, reread the essay to check for all of the points above, and then proofread it to be sure your work does not contain errors in grammar or spelling. Type your essay here: These two primary-source historical documents form their respective arguments in many ways. Many other historical documents have their own arguments, supporting evidence, and point in their own ways. A lot of documents can be similar but some do surely differ completely from each other whether if they have the same argument, evidence, and point, their opinions, perspective, and background form respective arguments. Many arguments do show some evidence of bias or stereotypes simply because of the author’s ethnic background and perspective of many things. ...
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- Summer '16
- Mr. Renaud
- US History