A Time of Upheaval - Task​ ​1 Analyzing​...

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Unformatted text preview: Task​ ​1 Analyzing​ ​Historical​ ​Documents In​ ​1954,​ ​the​ ​Supreme​ ​Court​ ​handed​ ​down​ ​a​ ​unanimous​ ​decision​ ​in​ ​the​ ​case​ ​of​ ​Brown​ ​v​.​ ​Board​ ​of​ ​Education​ ​of Topeka​,​ ​Kansas​.​ ​The​ ​decision​ ​stated​ ​that​ ​“separate​ ​educational​ ​facilities​ ​are​ ​inherently​ ​unequal”​ ​and​ ​began​ ​the process​ ​of​ ​national​ ​integration​ ​of​ ​public​ ​schools.​ ​In​ ​response,​ ​southern​ ​legislators​ ​in​ ​Congress​ ​signed​ ​a statement​ ​of​ ​opposition​ ​to​ ​the​ ​court’s​ ​decision. 1. Read​ ​the​ ​declaration​ ​of​ ​resistance​ ​to​ ​Brown​ ​v​.​ ​Board​ ​of​ ​Education​,​ ​which​ ​has​ ​been​ ​called​ ​the Southern​ ​Manifesto​ ​. a. Then​ ​write​ ​a​ ​brief​ ​essay​ ​of​ ​one​ ​to​ ​two​ ​pages​ ​examining​ ​the​ ​following​ ​question: i. Why​ ​did​ ​the​ ​authors​ ​of​ ​the​ ​Southern​ ​Manifesto​ ​claim​ ​that​ ​Chief​ ​Justice​ ​Earl​ ​Warren’​ ​s​ ​decision was​ ​a​ ​threat​ ​to​ ​the​ ​US​ ​constitutional​ ​order​? 1. Consider​ ​what​ ​type​ ​of​ ​arguments​ ​they​ ​make.​ ​Can​ ​you​ ​link​ ​their​ ​argument​ ​to​ ​any other​ ​situations​ ​in​ ​US​ ​history​? Follow​ ​the​ ​steps​ ​described​ ​below,​ ​and​ ​use​ ​the​ ​links​ ​to​ ​help​ ​you​ ​formulate​ ​a​ ​well-organized​ ​and​ ​well-reasoned essay​ ​with​ ​a​ ​clearly​ ​stated​ ​thesis,​ ​or​ ​argument,​ ​in​ ​response​ ​to​ ​the​ ​assignment. Use​ ​the​ ​dropbox​ ​to​ ​submit​ ​your​ ​final​ ​version​ ​to​ ​your​ ​teacher,​ ​along​ ​with​ ​notes​ ​taken​ ​during​ ​the​ ​course​ ​of​ ​your essay​ ​development. Gather​ ​sources.​ ​Before​ ​writing​ ​your​ ​essay,​ ​review​ ​these​ ​resources: ● Research​ ​and​ ​Writing​ ​Info​ ​Center ● Creating​ ​a​ ​Thesis​ ​Statement ● Methods​ ​for​ ​Writing​ ​a​ ​Quality​ ​Paper ● Chicago​ ​Manual​ ​of​ ​Style:​ ​Author-Date​ ​System ● The​ ​Warren​ ​Supreme​ ​Court ● Brown​ ​v.​ ​Board​ ​of​ ​ ​Education Then​ ​begin​ ​gathering​ ​additional​ ​sources​ ​—either​ ​online​ ​or​ ​otherwise—to​ ​support​ ​the​ ​views​ ​you​ ​present​ ​in​ ​your essay. For​ ​each​ ​source,​ ​consider​ ​the​ ​following​ ​questions: ● Who​ ​authored​ ​the​ ​document? ● What​ ​is​ ​the​ ​purpose​ ​of​ ​the​ ​document?​ ​When​ ​was​ ​the​ ​document​ ​written? ● What​ ​significant​ ​historical​ ​event​ ​or​ ​movement​ ​does​ ​the​ ​document​ ​represent? 2. Read​ ​and​ ​evaluate​ ​sources.​ ​Next,​ ​examine​ ​each​ ​source​ ​and​ ​think​ ​about​ ​how​ ​you​ ​will​ ​use​ ​it​ ​to support​ ​a​ ​thesis.​ ​Be​ ​an​ ​active​ ​researcher​ ​by​ ​asking​ ​the​ ​following​ ​questions​ ​about​ ​each​ ​source​ ​you​ ​reference: ● What​ ​is​ ​the​ ​credibility​ ​of​ ​the​ ​source?​ ​Is​ ​there​ ​any​ ​noticeable​ ​bias? ● How​ ​does​ ​the​ ​author​ ​form​ ​his​ ​or​ ​her​ ​argument? ● What​ ​are​ ​the​ ​important​ ​themes,​ ​main​ ​ideas,​ ​and​ ​arguments​ ​presented​ ​in​ ​the​ ​document? 3. Write​ ​your​ ​essay.​ ​Reference​ ​your​ ​notes​ ​and​ ​the​ ​provided​ ​documents​ ​to​ w ​ rite​ ​a​ ​short​ ​essay​ ​.​ ​Be​ ​careful​ ​to keep​ ​the​ ​following​ ​ideas​ ​in​ ​mind: ● To​ ​avoid​ ​plagiarism,​ ​make​ ​sure​ ​to​ ​cite​ ​your​ ​sources​ ​properly​ ​with​ ​in-text​ ​citations​ ​as​ ​well​ ​as​ ​a works-cited​ ​page. ● When​ ​you​ ​finish,​ ​reread​ ​the​ ​essay​ ​to​ ​check​ ​for​ ​all​ ​of​ ​the​ ​points​ ​above,​ ​and​ ​then​ ​proofread​ ​it​ ​to​ ​be​ ​sure your​ ​work​ ​doesn’t​ ​contain​ ​errors​ ​in​ ​grammar​ ​or​ ​spelling. 1. PROMPT: Why​ ​did​ ​the​ ​authors​ ​of​ ​the​ ​Southern​ ​Manifesto​ ​claim​ ​that​ ​Chief​ ​Justice​ ​Earl​ ​Warren’​ ​s​ ​decision​ ​was​ ​a​ ​threat​ ​to​ ​the​ ​US constitutional​ ​order​?​ ​Consider​ ​what​ ​type​ ​of​ ​arguments​ ​they​ ​make.​ ​Can​ ​you​ ​link​ ​their​ ​argument​ ​to​ ​any​ ​other situations​ ​in​ ​US​ ​history​? Type​ ​your​ ​1-2​ ​page​ ​essay​ ​here: The​ ​Southern​ ​Manifesto​ ​was​ ​a​ ​document​ ​written​ ​in​ ​the​ ​South​ ​in​ ​1956,​ ​which​ ​attempted​ ​to​ ​push​ ​back against​ ​Brown​ ​V.​ ​Board​ ​of​ ​Ed.,​ ​which​ ​stated​ ​that​ ​racial​ ​segregation​ ​in​ ​school​ ​was​ ​illegal.​ ​Their argument​ ​being​ ​that​ ​the​ ​US​ ​Constitution​ ​nowhere​ ​mentions​ ​education. Task​ ​2 Analyzing​ ​Sources For​ ​this​ ​task,​ ​you​ ​will​ ​be​ ​reading​ ​and​ ​analyzing​ ​two​ ​articles​ ​on​ ​the​ ​1968​ ​Democratic​ ​National Convention​ ​in​ ​Chicago.​ ​The​ ​first​ ​article​ ​is​ ​about​ ​the​ ​convention​​ ​and​ ​its​ ​bosses​ ​,​ ​and​ ​the​ ​second​ ​is about​​ ​the​ ​police​ ​response​ ​to​ ​demonstrations​ ​.​ ​Before​ ​reading​ ​either​ ​document,​ ​read​ ​through​ ​the instructions​ ​below. Part​ ​A Read​ ​each​ ​document​ ​and​ ​take​ ​notes​ ​on​ ​the​ ​key​ ​information​ ​in​ ​that​ ​document.​ ​Enter​ ​your​ ​notes​ ​in​ ​the appropriate​ ​table​ ​below. Article​ ​1:​ ​Convention​ ​Bosses Haynes​ ​Johnson​ ​1968​ ​democratic convention date​ ​and​ ​location​ ​published August​ ​2008​ ​Chicago Is​ ​this​ ​a​ ​primary​ ​source?​ ​Explain. It​ ​is​ ​a​ ​primary​ ​source​ ​because​ ​it​ ​is​ ​a Magazine Why​ ​did​ ​the​ ​author​ ​consider​ ​the​ ​welcome​ ​sign​ ​ironic? At​ ​the​ ​International​ ​Amphitheater, name​ ​and​ ​author​ ​of​ ​article How​ ​does​ ​the​ ​author​ ​describe​ ​the​ ​impact​ ​of​ ​the convention? What​ ​events​ ​are​ ​responsible​ ​for​ ​the​ ​failure​ ​of​ ​the United​ ​States​ ​to​ ​enter​ ​a​ ​“golden​ ​age”​ ​after​ ​Johnson’s 1964​ ​victory​ ​and​ ​the​ ​passage​ ​of​ ​the​ ​Civil​ ​Rights​ ​Act? How​ ​did​ ​Humphrey​ ​win​ ​the​ ​nomination? Could​ ​a​ ​candidate​ ​win​ ​in​ ​a​ ​similar​ ​way​ ​today? Who​ ​were​ ​the​ ​other​ ​candidates​ ​in​ ​1968,​ ​and​ ​what were​ ​the​ ​major​ ​differences​ ​among​ ​them? name​ ​and​ ​author​ ​of​ ​article Article​ ​2:​ ​Police​ ​Response date​ ​and​ ​location​ ​published Is​ ​this​ ​a​ ​primary​ ​source?​ ​Explain How​ ​does​ ​the​ ​article​ ​describe​ ​what​ ​happened​ ​in Chicago? How​ ​does​ ​the​ ​article​ ​characterize​ ​Mayor​ ​Daley? Describe​ ​the​ ​actions​ ​of​ ​the​ ​demonstrators. Describe​ ​the​ ​actions​ ​of​ ​the​ ​police. Where​ ​was​ ​the​ ​United​ ​States​ ​pictured​ ​as​ ​a​ ​police state? Who​ ​were​ ​the​ ​protestors? conventioneers​ ​found​ ​that​ ​the​ ​primary entryways,​ ​displayed​ ​after​ ​a​ ​White​ ​House colonnade,​ ​had​ ​been​ ​bulletproofed.​ ​The lobby​ ​itself​ ​was​ ​encompassed​ ​by​ ​a​ ​steel fence​ ​finished​ ​with​ ​spike​ ​metal. The​ ​author​ ​described​ ​the​ ​impact​ ​of​ ​the convention​ ​very​ ​angry​ ​and​ ​crowded. Major​ ​event​ ​which​ ​stopped​ ​this​ ​concept of​ ​enter​ ​into​ ​full​ ​golden​ ​age​ ​was outbreak​ ​of​ ​Vietnam​ ​war​ ​on​ ​a​ ​huge​ ​scale and​ ​American​ ​involvement. Humphrey​ ​entered​ ​the​ ​race​ ​too​ ​late​ ​to participate​ ​and​ ​he​ ​relied​ ​on​ ​favorite​ ​son candidates​ ​to​ ​help​ ​him​ ​win​ ​delegates yes Richard​ ​M​ ​nixon​ ​ ​ ​ ​Republican​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​301 Hubert​ ​H​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​Democratic​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​191 Humphrey George​ ​C​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​American​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​46 Wallace​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​Independent What​ ​was​ ​the​ ​primary​ ​goal​ ​of​ ​the​ ​protestors? Battle​ ​Ground​ ​Chicago​ ​Frank​ ​Kush Chicago​ ​Press​ ​1968 Yes​ ​it​ ​is​ ​because​ ​it​ ​has​ ​direct​ ​quotes​ ​from​ ​an article The​ ​article​ ​describes​ ​what​ ​happened​ ​in Chicago​ ​from​ ​a​ ​police’s​ ​perspective sociopolitical The​ ​actions​ ​of​ ​the​ ​demonstrators​ ​were rioting The​ ​action​ ​of​ ​police​ ​is​ ​that​ ​they​ ​were protecting​ ​themselves​ ​and​ ​ ​the​ ​community​ ​in danger No The​ p ​ rotesters​ ​were​ ​radical​ ​groups The​ p ​ rimary​ ​goal​ ​was​ ​to​ ​riot​ ​and​ ​destroy Part​ ​B Reference​ ​your​ ​notes​ ​and​ ​the​ ​provided​ ​documents​ ​to​ ​write​ ​a​ ​three-​ ​to​ ​four-paragraph​ ​essay​ ​that describes​ ​how​ ​these​ ​two​ ​primary-source​ ​historical​ ​documents​ ​form​ ​their​ ​respective​ ​arguments. Compare​ ​and​ ​contrast​ ​the​ ​key​ ​points,​ ​main​ ​ideas,​ ​and​ ​arguments​ ​presented​ ​in​ ​the​ ​documents.​ ​Make sure​ ​your​ ​essay​ ​addresses​ ​the​ ​following​ ​questions: ● ● What​ ​techniques​ ​do​ ​the​ ​authors​ ​use​ ​to​ ​form​ ​their​ ​arguments? Is​ ​there​ ​any​ ​evidence​ ​of​ ​bias​ ​or​ ​stereotypes? Using​ ​the​ ​author-date​ ​system,​ ​make​ ​sure​ ​to​ ​cite​ ​your ​sources​ ​properly​ ​with​ ​in-text​ ​citations​ ​as​ ​well​ ​as a​ ​works​ ​cited​ ​page​ ​for​ ​any​ ​information​ ​you​ ​use​ ​from​ ​outside​ ​sources,​ ​including​ ​the​ ​two​ ​provided documents. ​ ​When​ ​you​ ​have​ ​finished,​ ​reread​ ​the​ ​essay​ ​to​ ​check​ ​for​ ​all​ ​of​ ​the​ ​points​ ​above,​ ​and​ ​then​ ​proofread​ ​it to​ ​be​ ​sure​ ​your​ ​work​ ​does​ ​not​ ​contain​ ​errors​ ​in​ ​grammar​ ​or​ ​spelling. Type​ ​your​ ​essay​ ​here​: These​ ​two​ ​primary-source​ ​historical​ ​documents​ ​form​ ​their​ ​respective​ ​arguments​ ​in​ ​many​ ​ways.​ ​Many other​ ​historical​ ​documents​ ​have​ ​their​ ​own​ ​arguments,​ ​supporting​ ​evidence,​ ​and​ ​point​ ​in​ ​their​ ​own ways.​ ​A​ ​lot​ ​of​ ​documents​ ​can​ ​be​ ​similar​ ​but​ ​some​ ​do​ ​surely​ ​differ​ ​completely​ ​from​ ​each​ ​other whether​ ​if​ ​they​ ​have​ ​the​ ​same​ ​argument,​ ​evidence,​ ​and​ ​point,​ ​their​ ​opinions,​ ​perspective,​ ​and background​ ​form​ ​respective​ ​arguments.​ ​Many​ ​arguments​ ​do​ ​show​ ​some​ ​evidence​ ​of​ ​bias​ ​or stereotypes​ ​simply​ ​because​ ​of​ ​the​ ​author’s​ ​ethnic​ ​background​ ​and​ ​perspective​ ​of​ ​many​ ​things. ...
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