Unit 1 Notes.docx - Unit 1 1 The New World Western...

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Unit 1 1) The “New World” Western Hemisphere 2) Three basic geographic areas a) North Americans – included Central America or Mesoamerica b) South America c) Islands of the Caribbean 3) DiFerent Cultural Areas (1) Rockies (2) Andes – second highest in the world (3) Several other ranges ii) Desert Regions iii) Rain forest – jungles iv) Plains grasslands – prairies v) ³orests – tundra regions vi) Coastal Plains 4) What are the Americans? (1) Constantly trying to prove to one group it is not a puppet of the US (2) Trying to prove to another group that it is not s±ll Bri±sh 5) Colonial Period a) Spanish and Portuguese µrst to establish foothold in “New World” i) Portuguese impact limited to Brazil ii) Spain established large empire (1) Included what is not the southwest US – including California (2) Mexico and Central America (3) South America (4) Most of the Islands of the Caribbean iii) North America (1) England (2) ³rance (3) Dutch se¶lement – what is now NY (4) Shortly lived Swedish se¶lement (5) Russian incursion in northwest and Alaska iv) England becomes dominant in North America
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(1) French and Indian War (Seven Tears War) (2) French lose nearly all possessions in North America v) Rule and government structure varied (1) Condi±ons and structure of mother country strong in²uence on colonies (2) What went on in Europe determined what was the case in the colonies (a) As balance of power in Europe change so did a³tude in colonies (b) Distance from Europe added an air of independence or indi´erence (3) Colonies took on nature of mother country
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