Chapter - 1 Skill Builders.pdf

Chapter - 1 Skill Builders.pdf - Chapter 1 Skill Building...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 1 Skill Building Exercises Measurement, Significant Figures. Rounding, Precision and Accuracy 1. How many significant figures in each of the following measurements? 3.121 m . 0.051 L . 0.0150 L 1.4K 104g . 120 ft . 200. K 2. Round the following numbers to 3 significant figures. 2.35500 . 9.385 . 0.005454_ 3. Solve the following and express the answer in the correct number of significant figures. a. The average mass of 3 objects whose individual masses are 10.3 g. 9.334 g, 9.25 g. ' b. The volume of a metal block whose dimensions are 2.44 cm by 4.2 cm by 3.571 cm. c. Carry out the following operations and express your answer in the correct number of significant figures. (12.3 + 12.71]/0.560 = 155./[43.25 - 7.1) = 4. Four groups of students where charged with measuring the mass of 10.0 mL of a solution of sugar water and from there to calculate the density. The actual mass of the 10.0 mL was 12.348 3. Given the data below. decide the precision and accuracy of each group. Use the best set of data to calculate the density. Group A Group B Group C Group D 12.348 g 12.412 g 12.321 g 12.349 g 12.441 g 12.420 g 12.366 g 12.346 g 12.367 g 12.418 g 12.389 g 12.347 g 12.392 g 12.415 g 12.314 g 12.350 g Accurate? _ Precise? Density = 5. Helium has a melting point of -272.3 °C and a boiling point of -268.6 0C. Express these temperatures in both °F and K. Problem Solving Using Dimensional Analysis and Conversion Factors 6. How many mL in 2.2 quarts? 7. An Olympic sprinter can run the 100. M dash in less than 9.95 5. What is his average speed in mi/hr? 8. A chemist needs 2.00 g of liquid compound as a reagent for a reaction. The density of the liquid is 0.718 g/mL. What volume of the liquid should she use? If the compound costs $3.51 per milliliter, what is the cost to purchase 100 mL of the reagent? 9. The U5. quarter has a mass of 5.67 g and is approximately 1.5 mm thick. How many quarters would you need to build a stack that reaches a height of 575 feet (the height of the Washington Monument)? How much would that stack of quarters weigh in pounds (lbs)? How much money [in dollars and cents) is that stack worth? 10. CHALLENGE: Most Teflon frying pans are manufactured with a Teflon coating that is 1.00 mm thick. The density of Teflo is 0.805 g/cm3. How many grams are needed to coat a pan with a surface area of 36.0 square inches? How many pounds of Teflo are needed to coat 150 pans with the same area? (Be careful here about converting the area!) ...
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