111. Structures2.Energy stores and fuels3.Structural functions4.Regulation and Signaling- The Sugar Code5.Medical Applications I. Glycobiology2Introduction•Sugars and polysaccharides have several important functions in the cell:1.Energy stores, fuels, metabolic intermediates2. Structural•framework of RNA and DNA•Structural elements in the cell walls of bacteria and plants3.Linked to many proteins and lipids•regulation and signaling3Energy stores, fuels, metabolic intermediates•Glucose metabolism is the central metabolic pathway in most organismsAmino AcidsGlucosePyruvateAcetyl-CoACitrateCO2Fatty AcidsAmino AcidsFatty AcidsIcosanoidsIsoprenoidsAmino AcidsIsoprenoidsAmino AcidsAmino Acids4Structural•Framework of RNA and DNA•Structural elements in the cell walls of bacteria and plants
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