EDC1015-2013-6-E-1.pdf - UNIVERSITY EXAMINATIONS UNIS/Ag E...

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Unformatted text preview: UNIVERSITY EXAMINATIONS UNIVERSITEITSEKSAMENS UNIS/Ag; E DC 1 01 5 1 479638) May/June 2013 THEORETICAL FRAMEWORKS IN EDUCATION (EDUCATIONAL FOUNDATIONS101 (BED) Duration 2 Hours 1013 Marks EXAMINERS FIRST MRS MM LETSEKA PROF E VENTER SECOND DR VJ PITSOE Closed book examinatlon. This examination question paper remains the property of the UnlverSIty of South Africa and may not be removed from the examination venue This paper consists of 12 pages plus instructions for the completion of a mark reading sheet. SECTION A MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS Answer ALL the questions on your mark reading sheet. The Instructions are on the mark reading sheet. Remember to Indicate the unique number and your student number on the mark reading sheet 1 Who of the following are/were proponents of existentialism? 1) John Locke and Bertrand Russell Jean Paul Sartre and Luce lrlgarayV a 2) 3) Hannah Arendt and Godwrn Sogolo 4) Ludwig Wittgenstein and Alfred Ayer 2 The philosophical method of enquiry that asserts that there is no meaning in life is called . 1) rationalism 2) emplrIClSlTl 3) nihlllsm 4) exrstentlalism [TURN oven] 2 EDC1015 Maleune 2013 The philosophical method of enquiry that encourages humans to enjoy life more and to take personal responsibility for their future is called 1) empiri0ism 2) rationalis 3) nihilism 4) eXIstentialism The essential concern addressed by existentialism can be regarded as the 1) discovering of meaning In our personal lives V a 2) exposmon of error in the search for truth 3) changing of the world to make it a better place 4) placmg of culture and gender In proper perspective Existentialism originated in 1) Britain 2) the Uniteytates of America 3) Europe 4) Africa Two limitations characteristic of existentialism are that it can make us too trusting it makes it difficult for us to deal With wrong d0ing it makes us View human beings in a mechanistic way it can leave us feeling helpless and angry ‘0 o- 1) a and b 2) a and d! a 3) b and c 4) d and b Which philosophical method of enquiry identifies the “triple layer of oppression”? 1) critical theory 2) African feminisrrv D 3) African philosophy 4) Second-wave feminism [TURN oven] 8 10 11 12 13 3 EDCtOfS May/June 2013 The “triple layer of oppression” refers to the combined oppression of . 1) Colonial, African and Western cultures 2) British colonial, Western Calvmistic and patriarchal African cultur s 3) Colonial, patriarchal Western and patriarchal African cultures J 4) Colonial, puritan Western and matriarchal African cultures The phrase “politics of gender” refers to . _1) the power relations between males and females 2) the marginalisation of women by men 3) the oppression of women by men 4) disparities In society’s treatment of men and women An important benefit from espousing feminism relates to . 1) human beings being more open to what others think and believe 2) the exposmon and clarification of the politics of gender 3) the establishment of greater clarity and pre0i3ion in what we mean 4) a critical examination of and reflection on our seeial and family lives V Critical theory originated in . 1 ) Africa 2) Asia 3) Europe 4) America A significant characteristic of critical theory is its emphasis on . 1) radically questioning the eXIsting somal, politicai and economic order“ 2) addressing the dangers of falsny inherent in inaccurate reasoning 3) re-assessing the way in which we see ourselves in relation to the world 4) discovering the meaning of truth for ourselves as we do investigations “To see things as a whole rather than to split it up into parts”. To which philosophy does this statement refer? 1) critical theory 2) systems theory 3) feminism 4) phenomenology [TURN oven] 14 15 16 17 18 4 EDC1015 May/June 2013 “The search for truth is concerned with the influence of power structures and relations on human existence”. To which philosophical method of enquiry does this statement refer? 1) critical theory V 2) systems theory 3) phenomenology 4) critical rationalism Which philosophical method of enquiry focuses on questions about ourselves and the world in which we live? 1) phenomenology V 2) modernism 3) hermeneutics 4) postmodemlsm Which philosophical method of enquiry specifically addresses falsity in its various forms? 1) modernism 2) phenomenology V 3) postmodemlsm 4) hermeneutics Two of the main proponents of phenomenology are . 1) Carl Jung and Martin Heidegger 2) Jacques Derrida and Jean Baudnllard 3) Kwasi Wiredu and Kwame Gyekye 4) Martin Heidegger and Kwame Gyekye! Which philosophical method of enquiry is concerned with the interpretations of signs and symbols? 1) phenomenology 2) modernism 3) hermeneutics! 4) postmodemlsm [TURN OVER] 19 20 21 22 23 5 EDC1015 May/June 2013 Which philosophical method of enquiry focuses specifically on literature, art, music, poetry and craft? 1) phenomenology 2) modemlsm 3) postmodemlsm 4) henneneutlcs V “A person’s happiness is linked with his or her own creativity and cultural context”. To which philosophy does this statement refer? 1) phenomenology 2) exustentlallsm 3) hermeneutics 4) Ioglcal empiricusm Which philosophical position claims to make us more tolerant of others? 1 ) exustentlallsm 2) emplriCIsm 3) hemeneutics 4) phenomenology Which three of the following ideas does hermeneutics propagate? V It emphasnses llstenlng and observnng. V It encourages dialogue. V IndIVIdual meaning is important (1 Power structures should be In place. 1) a. b and CV 2) b, c and d 3) a, b and d 4) a, c and d Which philosophy has dominated Western society during the last two centuries? 1) phenomenolo 2) modernism 3) hermeneutics 4) postmodemlsm [TURN oven] 24 25 26 27 28 29 EDC1015 May / June 2013 Which philosophical method of enquiry is based on the notion that science has benefitted and will continue to benefit the human race? 1) phenomenology 2) hermeneutics 3) modernism! 4) postmodernism Which philosophy emerged as a response to the bewildering world of technology and virtual reality? 1) phenomenology 2) hermeneutics 3) modernism 4) postmodernism V The methods of enquiry used by postmodernism include . 1) critical theory and hermeneutics 2) critical rationalism and phenomenology 3) empirimsm and eXistentiaiism 4) hermeneutics and phenomenologyv in its search for truth, postmodernism focuses on . 1) the empowerment of the individual 2) the influence of power structures on human eXistenceV 3) clear, logical and preCIse thinking 4) the clarification of the purpose of life The essential problem addressed by postmodernism relates to . 1) confronting ourselves in order to discover the real “us” 2) the need to rethink our belief in scenes and technolog 3) the acquisition of knowledge from our sensory experiences 4) the exposmg of error in the tireless quest for the truth Postmodernism originated in . 1) Africa and the United States of America 2) Europe and the United States of America 3) the United States of America and Britain 4) Britain and Africa [TURN oven] 7 EDC1015 May I June 2013 30 The philosophy that concentrates on trying to find the exact meaning of words is known as . 1) |ingunstlc analysis 2) mathematical statements 3) cntlcal theory 4) phySIcs 31 Linguistic analysis was based on the thinking of . 1) Njabulo Ndebele and Ezekiel Mphahlele 2) Nelson Mandela and Thabo Mbeki 3) Ludwng Wittgensteln and Bertrand Russell V 4) Stephen Hawking and Albert Einstein 32 claims that almost all philosophical problems can be dispensed of once their underlying linguistic basis is exposed. 1) Phenomenology 2) African philosophy 3) Critical rationalism 4) Lingu15t|c analysusv 33 Linguistic analysis is concerned with the following estion: 1) What IS the meaning of this word or sentence? 2) Why are we alive? 3) Who Is God? 4) How can we find happiness? 34 What did the philosophical movement that focused on linguistic analysis also focus on? 1 ) mortality 2) religion 3) logic 4) happiness [TURN oven] 35 36 37 38 39 8 EDC1015 May/June 2013 Symbolic logic is used to express any statement that is... . 1) true or false by definition 2) true all the time 3) controverSIal 4) morally acceptable What method of enquiry in philosophy asserts that our experience is the basis of all knowledge? 1) logical empirICIsm 2) eXIstentialism 3) critical rationalism 4) empll'lClSlTlV What is the origin of empiricism? 1) African philosophy 2) Bl’ltlSh and American philosophy V 3) Greek philosophy 4) Eastern philosophy Which philosophy is concerned with establishing the truth by means of scientific testing? 1) empirICIsm V 2) feminism 3) African philosophy 4) lingwstic analy5is Linguistic analysis, logical symbolism and empiricism form the philosophy that is known as . 1) critical theory 2) critical rationalism 3) hermeneutics 4) logical empiricisnv [TURN OVER] 4o 41 42 43 44 45 9 EDC1015 May/June 2013 What is logical empiricis also known as? 1) logical posmvrsm 2) logical symbolism 3) symbolic logic 4) experience What is the aim of logic in philosophy? 1) To make mathematics an easy subject 2) To arrive at the ba5ic structure of truth! 3) To help With moral Issues 4) To help With human relationships According to empiricism, how do we use our senses and experiences in everyday life? 1) To establish and check facts 2) To check whether we are still alive 3) To enjoy mu3ic 4) To experience happiness What theory is based on the empirical belief that what is true is confirmed or disproved of by a sense of experience? 1) lingwstics 2) modern solenceV 3) philosophy 4) feminism Empiricists ask the following question: 1) How can I be happy? 2) Who is my neighbour? 3) How do I know that something is true?! 4) Why am | poor? People who promote empiricism tend to be critical of . 1) modern selence 2) experience 3) religion and ideologies like Mamsmv 4) solentific claims [TURN OVER] 46 47 48 49 50 10 EDG1015 May/ June 2013 For empiricism, two of the most important sources of truth are . 1) direct experience and Intuition 2) intumon and logical facts 3) intUItion and the senses 4) the senses and direct experience V Which of the following is an advantage in using logical empiricism as a method of enquiry? 1) It helps one to think more logicallyv 2) it helps one to think more morally. 3) It helps one to think more creatively 4) it helps one to think more destructiveiy Logical empiricism, as a method of enquiry, is concerned with . 1) the meaning of lived reality 2) the meaning indiViduais construct 3) the meaning of words and sentences 4) the meaning of the Gestalt According to logical empiricism the term “education” would refer mainly to help learners to . 1) think clearly and solve problems! 2) understand our physmal world 3) critically evaluate information 4) discover a meaning to life Logical empiricism originated in . 1) Britain and the United States of America 2) Greece and Britain 3) Greece and the United States of America 4) The United States of America and France sus TOTAL: [50] [TURN OVER] 11 ED01015 May I June 2013 SECTION B PARAGRAPH QUESTIONS Answer ALL questions in this section. Question 1 1.1 From which ancient philosophy originated critical rationalismn (1) 1.2 Discuss TWO main Ideas in critical rationalism. (2) 1.3 What are the advantages of critical rationalism (3) Question 2 2.1 What is the main emphaSIS of lingwstic analySIS'? (1) 2.2 On what did Russel and Ayer focus in their work? (1) 2 3 How did empinmsm tail USD (4) Question 3 3 1 List FOUR forms of feminisma (4) 3.2 What does feminism in general claim9n (2) Question 4 4.1 Name THREE categories of phenomenology and also give a question that each would ask a (6) Question 5 5 1 Give a definition of modernismn (1) 5 2 What does postmodernism tell us (2) 5 3 Where does postmodernism fail? (3) SUB TOTAL: [30] [TURN oven] 12 EDC1015 May/June 2013 SECTION c ESSAY-TYPE QUESTION a Thandi’s parents died She had to move to the City from the small settlement she called home for 12 years and is now staying With her aunt in the City She now has to attend a multiraCIal, multilingual school At her prewous school all learners were Tswana speaking and she struggles to adapt. Her aunt is very strict and she is not allowed to stay after school for extra lessons or to take part in extra mural actiwties. She therefore struggles to make friends and to catch up With her school work You are her class teacher By usung African philosophy, how Will you as5ist her? Your answer should include the followmg headings 1. Introduction Briefly describe the problem and motivate your use of African philosophy in solvmg it 2. Content Discuss African philosophy briefly and show how you can use it to solve your problem. 3. Conclusion Draw your own conclu3ion by referring to the advantages and disadvantages of African philosophy. sue TOTAL: [20] TOTAL: [100] EXAMINEFIS: FIRST EXAMINER: PROF E VENTER FIRST EXAMINER: DR MM LETSEKA SECOND EXAMINER: DR VJ PITSOE © UNISA 2013 I I 5.: UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH AFRICA U N I SA 3mm“; UNIVERSITEIT VAN SUlD-AFRIKA EXAMINATION MARK READING SHEET EKSAMEN-MERKLEESBLAD ---‘ STUDY UNIT 2 g PSYTOO X INITIALS AND SURNAME PART 1 (GENERAL/ALGEMEEN) DEEL 1 9 STUDIE EENHElfl hv PSYTCILX VDORLEI'I'ERS EN VAN -- -- -- -----7 ------------------------------------------------- - ........................ DATE OF EXAMINATION DATIJM VAN EKSAMEN ---------- .u. ... -. —. ———-—-....... - ..._. nun .. - ............ _ .. _ . _ PAPER. NUMBER EXAMINATION CENTRE (E G PRETORIA) I VRAESTELNOMMER EKSAMENSENTRUMIBV PHETOFHA) mu , ............................................ ..._. . _ _..._ STUDENT NUMBER UNIQUE PAPER NO STUDENT NDMMEH UNIEKE V. - STEL NR For use by examination InVIgIIator O I VII’ gebruuk deur eksamenopsnener I I I 'I ?_ MARK LIKE THIS '2' 3 4 5 5 7 8 IMPORTANT BELANGRIK USE ONLY AN HB PENCIL T0 COMPLETE THIS SHEET 1 GEBHUIK SLEGS N HB-POTLUOD UM HIERDIE BLAD TE VOLTOOI 2 MEFIK AS VOLG '2‘ CH ECKTHAT YOUR INITlALS AND SURNAME HAS BEEN FILLED IN CORRECTLY 3 KONTROLEER DAT U VDOH LETTERS EN VAN REG INGEVUL IS ENTER YOUR STUDENT NUMBER FROM LEFT TO RIGHT 4 VUL U STUDENTENOMMER VAN LINKS NA FIEGS IN CHECK THAT YOUR STUDENT NUMBER HA5 BEEN FILLED IN CORRECTLY 5 KONTROLEER DAT U DIE KORREKTE STUDENTENOMMER VERSTREK HET CHECK THAT THE UNIQUE NUMBER HAS BEEN FILLED IN CORRECTLY 6 KONTROLEER DAT DIE UNIEKE NOMMER REG INGEVUL IS CHECK THAT ONLY ONE ANSWER PER QUESTION HAS BEEN MARKED '1' MAAK SEKER DAT NET EEN ALTERNATIEF PER VRAAG GEMERK IS DO NOT FOLD 3 MOENIE VDU NIE PART 2 (ANSWERS/ANTWOORDE) DEEL 2 I l I J UNIS! 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