Chapter 1 - Part 2.pdf - PSYC 2013(Summer 2015 Escobar...

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PSYC 2013 (Summer 2015, Escobar) Chapter 1, part 2 Week 1 1 Psychological Science Chapter 1 (Part 2) The History of Psychology 1.2   What   Are   the   Scientific   Foundations   of   Psychology ? Learning   Objectives • Trace   the   development   of   psychology   since   its   formal   inception   in   1879. fi h / d b d h • Define   the   nature/nurture   debate   and   the   mind/body   problem. • Identify   the   major   schools   of   thought   that   have   characterized   the   history   of   experimental   psychology. 1.2   What   Are   the   Scientific   Foundations   of   Psychology ? • Psychology   originated   in   philosophy. – Chinese   and   Muslim   philosophers   and   scientists   speculated   about   human   behavior. – In   nineteenth century   Europe,   psychology   emerged   as   a   scientific   discipline.   The   Nature/Nurture   Debate   Has   a   Long   History   Nature/nurture   debate: the   arguments   concerning   whether   psychological   characteristics   are   biologically   innate   or   acquired   through   education,   experience,   and   culture • The   view   today:   Nature   and   nurture   influence   each   other   and   are   inseparable. The   Mind/Body   Problem   Also   Has   Ancient   Roots   Mind/body   problem: a   fundamental   psychological   issue   asking   whether   mind   and   body   are   separate   and   distinct   or   the   mind   is   simply the physical brain’s subjective experience simply   the   physical   brain s   subjective   experience – 1600s:   Cartesian   dualism   suggested   body   and   mind   were   indeed   separate   but   that   some   mental   functions   resulted   from   bodily   functions. – Cartesian   =   Proposed   by   René   Descartes Experimental   Psychology   Began   with   Introspection  
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PSYC 2013 (Summer 2015, Escobar) Chapter 1, part 2 Week 1 2 • 1879:   Wilhelm   Wundt   established   the   first   psychology   laboratory. – Psychological   processes   (products   of   physiological   actions   in   the   brain)   take   time   to   occur.   Psychology   as   a   Laboratory   Science – Measure:   reaction   time , which   assesses   how   quickly   people   can   respond   to   events.
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