Chapter 11 - part 3.pdf - PSYC 2013(Summer 2015 Escobar...

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PSYC 2013 (Summer 2015, Escobar) Chapter 11, part 3 Week 7 1 Psychological Science Chapter 11, part 3 Stress and Health 11.3   What   Is   Stress? Learning   Objectives Define   stress. Describe   the   hypothalamic pituitary adrenal   (HPA)   axis. Discuss   sex   differences   in   responses   to   stressors. Describe   the   general   adaptation   syndrome. What   Is   Stress? Stress:   a type   of   response   that   typically   involves   an   unpleasant   state,   such   as   anxiety   or   tension Stressor:   something   in   the   environment    that   is   perceived   as   threatening   or    demanding   and   therefore prod ces stress therefore   produces   stress Coping   response:   any   attempt   made   to   avoid,   escape   from,   or   minimize   a   stressor What   Is   Stress? Not   all   stress   is   associated   to   negative   life   events Distress   (duress):   stress   of   negative   events Eustress: stress   of   positive   events What   Is   Stress? Psychologists   typically   think   of   stressors   as   falling   into   two   categories.   Major   life   stressors Changes   or   disruptions   that   strain   central   areas   of   people’s   li es s ch as the death of a famil member lives,   such   as   the   death   of   a   family   Daily   hassles Day to day   irritations   and   annoyances,   such   as   driving   in   heavy   traffic,   dealing   with   difficult   people,   or   waiting   in   line Daily   hassles   may   have   a   cumulative   effect   and   be   more   deleterious   to   health   than   isolated   major   life   stressors.
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PSYC 2013 (Summer 2015, Escobar) Chapter 11, part 3 Week 7 2 Stress   Has   Physiological   Components Hypothalamic pituitary adrenal   (HPA)   axis:   a   body   system   involved   in   stress   responses This   helps   the   body   prepare   to   respond   to   the   stressor   (e.g.,   fighting   an   attacker).
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