Chapter 2 - Part 2.pdf - PSYC 2013(Summer 2015 Escobar...

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PSYC 2013 (Summer 2015, Escobar) Chapter 2, part 2 Week 1 1 Psychological Science Chapter 2 (Part 2) Types of Studies in Psychological Research 2.2   What   Types   of   Studies   Are   Used   in   Psychological   Research ? Learning   Objectives Distinguish   between   descriptive   studies,   correlational   studies,   and   experiments. i h d d di d f List   the   advantages   and   disadvantages   of   different   research   methods. 2.2   What   Types   of   Studies   Are   Used   in   Psychological   Research? There   are   three   main   types   of   designs.   Descriptive Correlational Experimental 2.2   What   Types   of   Studies   Are   Used   in   Psychological   Research? Variable:   something   in   the   world   that   can   vary   and   that   a   researcher   can   manipulate   (change),   measure   (evaluate),   or   both Independent variable: the variable that gets Independent   variable: the   variable   that   gets   manipulated   in   a   research   study Dependent   variable: the   variable   that   gets   measured   in   a   research   study Descriptive   Research:   Case   Studies,   Observation,   and   Self Report Descriptive   research: methods   that   involve   observing   behavior   to   describe   that   behavior   objectively   and   systematically Descriptive   studies Case   study :   a   descriptive   research   method   that   involves   the   intensive   examination   of   an   unusual   person   or   organization Observation   studies Participant observation :   a   type   of   descriptive   study in which the researcher is involved in the Descriptive   Research:   Case   Studies,   Observation,   and   Self Report study   in   which   the   researcher   is   involved   in   the   situation Naturalistic   observation: a   type   of   descriptive   study   in   which   the   researcher   is   a   passive   observer,   separated   from   the   situation   and   making   no   attempt   to   change   or   alter   ongoing   behavior
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PSYC 2013 (Summer 2015, Escobar) Chapter 2, part 2 Week 1 2 Reactivity Reactivity:   the   phenomenon   that   occurs   when   knowledge   that   one   is   being   observed   alters   the
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