Chapter 8 Study Guide.docx - Chapter 8 Study Guide...

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Chapter 8 Study Guide Constructivism 1. What is Constructivism? From whose theories did many of the primary constructivist concepts originate? Theories that state learners must individually discover and transform complex information, checking new information against old rules and revising rules when they no longer work. 2. Complete the chart below about key principles of modern constructivist thought: Try to put into your own words. Principle Definition Classroom Example Social Learning Children learn, through joint interactions with adults and more capable peers. Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) marks the range of tasks the child might not be able to do alone but can do with the assistance of peers or adults. if a child cannot find the median of a set of numbers by herself but could do so with some assistance from her teacher, then finding medians is probably in her zone of proximal development Cognitive Apprenticeship The process by which a learner gradually acquires expertise
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