20.1.docx - Chapter 20.1 Reform Revisions 1880-1892...

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Chapter 20.1 Reform Revisions: 1880-1892 Remember the Big Idea Question for the chapter: In the Progressive Era, how and why did Reformers seek to address the problems of industrial America? To what extent did they succeed? Timeline review: Gilded Age: 1870-1900 Pre-Progressive Era: 1880-1890 Progressive Era: 1890-1920 Chapter Section Outline: This section talks about: Republican and Democratic Party trends in the late 19 th century; what the president’s tried to do in the area of reform; how a new political party emerged to try and represent the farmer’s and industrial workers’ needs. The section starts of by mentioning what reform was undertaken during the same time : Radical farmer’s groups (Farmer’s Alliance) and the Knights of Labor challenging industrial power; settlement houses giving aid to immigrant families; the WCTU attempting to clean up one societal ill of the Gilded Age; other women’s groups focusing on myriad specific problems; the church through the Social Gospel movement giving assistance as well to immigrants and the poor Section Questions Electoral Politics After Reconstruction The Republicans and Democrats were engaged in fierce competition for control of the government in this period and the House and Senate changed hands many time during this period. What fueled this competition? There were Democratic disagreements, politically with Republican policies. The Southern Democrats were gaining more support. Also, there were large population fluctuations leading to different House of Rep. numbers How did this competition affect the presidents and their ability to pass their own initiatives?
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