Chap 1.ResearchMethods STUDENT.pptx

Chap 1.ResearchMethods STUDENT.pptx - Psychology Research...

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Psychology Research Methods Dr. Tucker
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Confirmation Bias Tendency to notice, seek out, and interpret information in a way consistent with your own prior beliefs
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Introduction to the Scientific Method Scientific Method : A system for reducing _______ and ________ in the ____________ of data Used in psychology to accomplish the goals of description, explanation, prediction, and control
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Introduction to the Scientific Method The steps to using the scientific method: Perceiving the Question Testing the Hypothesis Drawing Conclusions Reporting Results Description Description & Explanation Explanation Control
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Methods of Psychology Descriptive Methods Naturalistic Observation Laboratory Observation Case Study Surveys Correlations The Experiment
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Descriptive Methods: Naturalistic Observation
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Naturalistic Observation Watching animals or humans behave in their _______________________ Advantage realistic picture of behavior Limitations and ways of minimizing them Observer effect : tendency of people or animals to behave differently from normal when __________________________________________________. Observer bias : tendency of observers to see ___________________________ Blind observers : people who do not know what the research question is (to reduce observer ____________)
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Methods of psychology Descriptive Methods Naturalistic Observation Laboratory Observation Case Study Surveys Correlations The Experiment
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Descriptive Methods: Laboratory Observation
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Laboratory Observation Watching animals or humans behave in _______________________ Advantages Control over environment Allows use of specialized equipment Limitations _____________________that may result in ________________________ Can be difficult to generalize findings to “real world” situations
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Methods of psychology Descriptive Methods Naturalistic Observation Laboratory Observation Case Study Surveys Correlations The Experiment
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Case Studies Study of ________________________ in great detail Advantage
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