Criminal Justice Chapter 1.docx

Criminal Justice Chapter 1.docx - AJ 101 CHP 1 Criminal...

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AJ 101 CHP 1 Criminal Justice Chapter 1 Objective 1 – Summarize the history of crime in America and corresponding changes in the American criminal justice system. Overview Mass Shootings 18 random mass shootings in the 80’s 54 in the 90’s 87 in the 2000’s **The FBI defines a mass killing as an incident in which at least four people lost their lives. IRISH PRIDE1 2 Crime Guns, social disengagement, and certain forms of mental illness can prove to be a dangerous combination. September 11, 2001 nearly 3,000 people died. **This was the most destructive criminal activity ever perpetrated. Following the 9/11 attacks, a heated debate took place between those wanting to enforce powerful crime-prevention and security measures and others seeking to preserve the individual rights and freedoms that have long been characteristic of American life. 3 Conflict Which rights, freedoms, and conveniences people are willing to sacrifice to increase personal and public safety. **Crime – conduct in violation of the criminal laws of a state, the federal government, or a local jurisdiction, for which there is no legally acceptable justification or excuse. IRISH PRIDE3 4 History of Crime The American experience with crime during the last half century ahs been especially influential in shaping the criminal justice system of today. Many crime waves have come and gone. Widespread organized criminal activity was associated with the Prohibition years. IRISH PRIDE4 5 Individual Rights The emphasis on individual rights was accompanied by a dramatic increase in reported criminal activity. Traditional crimes such as murder, rape, and assault increased considerably during the 70’s and 80’s. It has been suggested that the combination of newfound freedoms and long-pent-up hostilities produced social disorganization, which in turn increased crime. IRISH PRIDE5 6 Still Individual Rights **Individual rights – The rights guaranteed to all members of American society by the U.S. Constitution. Especially those rights found in the Bill of Rights. These rights are particularly important to criminal defendants facing formal processing by the criminal justice system. IRISH PRIDE6 7 Social Disorganization **Social disorganization – a condition said to exist when a group faced with social change, uneven development of culture, disharmony, conflict, and lack of consensus. By the end of the 80’s the American way of life was under the gun. President Reagan created a cabinet-level drug czar position to coordinate the war on drugs. IRISH PRIDE7 1
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AJ 101 CHP 1 8 OKC In 1995 the bombing of the Federal Building in Oklahoma City. In 1999 Columbine High School massacre in Colorado. By the late 1990’s, a newfound emphasis on individual accountability began to grow. The September 11 attacks have caused America to move to a proactive posture in the fight against terrorism. IRISH PRIDE8 9 White Collar Crime Terrorism is a criminal act, and preventing terrorism and investigating terrorist incidents after they occur are highly important roles. White-collar crime, took center stage in 2002 and 2003. President Bush signed the Sarbanes-Oxley act. This law, was called the
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