Econ+132A++problems+Bodie+9th+Edition (2) 包答案.docx

Econ+132A++problems+Bodie+9th+Edition (2) 包答案.docx -...

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Chapters 1-7, 10, 13, and 15 problems Chapter 1 9. Lanni Products is a start-up computer software development firm. It currently owns computer equipment worth $30,000 and has cash on hand of $20,000 contributed by Lanni’s owners. For each of the following transactions, identify the real and/or financial assets that trade hands. Are any financial assets created or destroyed in the transaction? a. Lanni takes out a bank loan. It receives $50,000 in cash and signs a note promising to pay back the loan over three years. b. Lanni uses the cash from the bank plus $20,000 of its own funds to finance the devel- opment of new financial planning software. c. Lanni sells the software product to Microsoft, which will market it to the public under the Microsoft name. Lanni accepts payment in the form of 5,000 shares of Microsoft stock. d. Lanni sells the shares of stock for $25 per share and uses part of the proceeds to pay off the bank loan. 9. a. The bank loan is a financial liability for Lanni. Lanni's IOU is the bank's financial asset. The cash Lanni receives is a financial asset. The new financial asset created is Lanni's promissory note held by the bank. b. The cash paid by Lanni is the transfer of a financial asset to the software developer. In return, Lanni gets a real asset, the completed software. No financial assets are created or destroyed. Cash is simply transferred from one firm to another. c. Lanni sells the software, which is a real asset, to Microsoft. In exchange Lanni receives a financial asset, 1,500 shares of Microsoft stock. If Microsoft issues new shares in order to pay Lanni, this would constitute the creation of new financial asset.
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d. In selling 1,500 shares of stock for $120,000, Lanni is exchanging one financial asset for another. In paying off the IOU with $50,000 Lanni is exchanging financial assets. The loan is “destroyed” in the transaction, since it is retired when paid. 18. What would you expect to be the relationship between securitization and the role of financial intermediaries in the economy? For example, what happens to the role of local banks in providing capital for mortgage loans when national markets in mortgage- backed securities become highly developed? 18. Securitization leads to disintermediation; that is, securitization provides a means for market participants to bypass intermediaries. For example, mortgage-backed securities channel funds to the housing market without requiring that banks or thrift institutions make loans from their own portfolios. As securitization progresses, financial intermediaries must increase other activities such as providing short-term liquidity to consumers and small business, and financial services. Chapter 2 14. Suppose that short-term municipal bonds currently offer yields of 4%, while comparable taxable bonds pay 5%. Which gives you the higher after-tax yield if your tax bracket is: a. Zero b. 10% c. 20% d. 30%
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14.
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