Lecture14_GroupsCollectiveActionSocMovements.pptx

Lecture14_GroupsCollectiveActionSocMovements.pptx - GROUPS...

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GROUPS, COLLECTIVE ACTION, SOCIAL MOVEMENTS, AND SOCIAL CHANGE Gary Garcia Introduction to Sociology
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What are Social Groups? You’re likely a member of many social groups. Social groups are the building blocks of society. Social groups even help develop the self – remember socialization? Georg Simmel – you can know anything about the way people behave based solely on the social/cultural context in which they are embedded.
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What are Social Groups? Primary Group People you’re very close to. Teach you norms and culture etc. Secondary Group People you interact with but, are not very close with. Can be short-term and impersonal. Ex. People you work with, holiday planning committee. In Group The group you share an identity with. Out Group The people not part of your group!
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Social Network Not necessarily facebook and instagram Social Network - the web of direct and indirect ties connecting an individual to other people. All of the people you’re in contact with on a regular basis (i.e. co-workers, family, friends etc.) make up your social network. Strength of weak ties
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Georg Simmel Simmel distinguishes between a relationship of 2 ( Dyad ) and a group of 3 (Triad ) . Characteristics of a dyad This is the most intimate form of social life. The two members are mutually dependent on each other. The dyad can fall apart at any moment – heightening the social relationship There’s no hiding things in a dyad. True dyadic relationships must be voluntary.
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Georg Simmel Characteristics of a Triad Group with 3 members Possibility for “2 against 1” dynamic Potential for a majority rule Issue Small groups may find it hard to influence larger social change. From Small Group to Large Group Difficult to tell when a small group becomes large group. Larger group = More attention
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Characteristics of a Group The term group can refer to a wide variety of gatherings. Think of group projects, friendly gatherings, clubs etc. So, what makes a group? Short answer – Collection of at least two people who interact with some frequency and share a sense of identity that is aligned with the group.
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Characteristics of a Group TRUST (2 Types) Calculative Trust - Is trust based on performance and competence (common in instrumental relationships).
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