tabla 1.xlsx - Elementos esenciales para la vida Smbolo...

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Elementos esenciales para la vida Símbolo químico Nombre de elemento No. Atómico Propiedades físicas Propiedades químicas Uso C Carbono 6 Insoluble en el agua, indoros e insípidos, son más densos que el agua. Se combina con metales y metaloides, origina diversidad de compuestos sólidos, líquidos y gaseosos. Al combinarse con metales forma hidruros. Al combinarse con el hidrógeno forma diferentes compuestos llamados hidrocarburos. Al combinarse con el azufre forma un líquido de olor a “coles podridos”, muy usado como disolvente. Componente de hidrocarburos, especialmente los combustibles fósiles (petróleo y gas natural). Del primero se obtienen, por destilación en las refinerías, gasolinas, y aceites, siendo además la materia prima empleada en la obtención de plásticos.
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H Hidrogeno 1 N Nitrógeno 7 O Oxígeno 8 Gas incoloro, inodoro e insípido a temperatura ambiente. Es el elemento más liviano que existe, siendo aproximadamente 14 veces menos pesado que el aire.
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