c13.rtf - Chapter 13 Infectious Disease Prevention and...

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Chapter 13: Infectious Disease Prevention and Control Stanhope: Public Health Nursing: Population-Centered Health Care in the Community, 9th Edition MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. A community health nurse is caring for a client with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Which of the following should the nurse be aware of? a. Persons with MRSA usually have a chronic illness. b. MRSA is a hospital-acquired infection and not often seen in the community. c. Vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (VRE) follows MRSA. d. MRSA is becoming more common in the community. ANS: D MRSA is being seen more and more in the community with outbreaks frequently associated with school athletic programs and prison populations. MRSA is still largely a health care- associated infection, but it is becoming more common. VRE was found before MRSA. MRSA is not associated with chronic illness. DIF: Cognitive level: Applying REF: p. 288 TOP: Nursing process: Planning MSC: NCLEX: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Safety and Infection Control 2. The ability of an agent to produce a severe pathologic reaction is known as: DIF: Cognitive level: Remembering REF: p. 290 (Box 13-1) TOP: Nursing process: Assessment MSC: NCLEX: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Safety and Infection Control 3. Immunity is a characteristic of the:
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4. A nurse is investigating the role of the agent in the cause of an illness. Which of the following best describes what the nurse is examining? viruses. Host resilience is a host factor. Infectiousness is the measure of the potential ability of an infected host to transmit the infection to other hosts. Environmental factors facilitate the transmission of an infectious agent from an infected host to other susceptible hosts, such as a bug bite.
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