Geopol L3 wk3 x.doc - Geopolitics Lecture 3(Week 3 30 Years...

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Geopolitics Lecture 3 (Week 3) 30 Years War and the Cold War 30 Years war (From 1914-1945) Treaty of Westphalia established modern systems post '45 Foreign policy of major countries can affect their population Geopolitical balance/structure established at the end of the Cold War WW1: Background Balance of power for European continent at risk Important to maintain this delicate balance Late 1800s and turn of the century was a period of unprecedented prosperity, industrial development and colonial conquest for the main European powers Alliance formation in two military blocks: Triple Entente (Britain, Russia and France) Triple Alliance (Austria-Hungary, Italy and Germany) Doctrine of offensive warfare; naval race; nationalism Behind the facade of a peaceful environment, these were going on behind the scenes Norman Angell: argued that war between modern powers was unthinkable in 1910 Pre-war prosperity- economic policy growing Causes of WWI Changing balance of power: Rising and declining powers created tension Germany rising, Britain felt threatened Nationalism a strong force at this time War started when Serb nationalist, Gavrilo Princip shot Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to Austrian throne Mobilisation (Built into structure of war planning); crisis-escalation; short decision time Characteristics of alliances: based on resources of assistance through this Entrapment- states drawn into conflicts they might not have wanted to be in.
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