Geopol L2 wk 2 x.doc - Geopolitics Lecture 2(Week 2...

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Geopolitics Lecture 2 (Week 2) Geopolitical Theory and Imperialism World before the 15 th century was composed of separate places- no real connections The globalisation of the world paves the way for the development of geopolitical theory 'Global space'- states come together to engage in activities such as diplomacy, military action, trade etc in order to influence others and extend the power of those engaged in them Difficult due to technological limitations Gradually with technological advancements, the European expeditions became more common China (Middle Kingdom) considered itself as predominant and a fuel of civilisation Major milestone in international history- concept itself continues to resonate today Nation states have jurisdiction over a certain territory and authority over those living there Westphalia (1648). Developments of territorial state as the political ideal to create the context for modern World Politics Exclusive control and access to critical raw materials for industrialisation Rise and fall of great powers inevitable African, Latin American and Asian colonies served as places where industrialised European states could obtain necessary materials to maintain their industries Relationship between economic power and military capabilities No higher authority to reconcile issues worldwide- nation states at least need power of defence The only way to add to material capabilities and power was to colonise in other areas of the world (Imperialism or 'empire building') Control of territories for economic, political and security reasons Geopolitical theory really takes off in the late 19 th century Ratzel and his interpretation of the human social evolution as a response to the physical environment (opportunities and constraints through the environment). The physical environment causes a political power/state to act in a certain way
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