Unformatted text preview: The Life of Albert Einstein By: Julia Nguyen
HR: B3 Albert Einstein was born on March 14, 1879 in Ulm, Germany. He was not
talkative in his childhood, and until the age of three, he didn’t talk much. He spent
his teenage years in Munich, where his family had an electric equipment business.
As a teenager, he was interested in nature and showed a high level of ability in
mathematics and physics. Einstein loved to be creative and innovative. He loathed
the uncreative spirit in his school at Munich. His family’s business failed when he
was aged 15, and they moved to Milan, Italy. Aged 16, he moved to Switzerland,
where he finished high school.
In 1896 he began to study for a degree at the Swiss Federal Institute of
Technology in Zurich. He didn’t like the teaching methods there, so he skipped
classes to carry out experiments in the physics laboratory or play his violin. With
the help of his classmate’s notes, he passed his exams; he graduated in 1900.
Einstein was not considered a good student by his teachers, and they refused to
recommend him for further employment.
Einstein is most famous for his theories of special and general relativity that
overturned the long-standing influence of the ideas of Isaac Newton. Rather than
seeing gravity as a force acting on a backdrop of absolute space and time, Einstein
recast gravity as an expression of the geometric shape of space itself. This helped
him to make more accurate predictions than were possible with Newton's equations.
In 1921, Einstein received the Nobel Prize in Physics for his explanation of
the photoelectric effect. This laid the foundation for the development of quantum
physics. His equation E=mc^2 states that mass and energy are equivalent and
linked by the speed of light. This discovery led to the development of nuclear
energy. Toward the end of his life, Einstein devoted his energies to an unsuccessful
attempt to discover a grand unified theory that would bring together all of the
various aspects of physics.
Albert Einstein made many contributions to science, most notably his
development of the theories of special and general relativity. He also discovered
the explanation for the photoelectric effect, which was vital to the later
development of the theory of quantum mechanics. His formula for the equivalence
of mass and energy is one of the most famous equations in science.
In The scientific and technological revolutions that were from Einstein's
General and Special Theories of Relativity, his explanation of the Photoelectric
Effect and his recognition of the principles of monochrome all had direct and
lasting impacts on modern technology and innovations that have changed the way
human beings live.
CD players, televisions, computers and global positioning satellite (GPS) are just a few of the modern conveniences whose development was made possible by
Einstein's intellectual breakthroughs.
A child born to an immigrant Jewish family of modest means, Einstein used
his platform as the leading scientist and intellectual of the 20th century to speak
fluently on the importance of education, human rights, nuclear disarmament and
Albert Einstein received honorary doctorate degrees in science, medicine
and philosophy from many European and American universities. During the 1920's
he lectured in Europe, America and the Far East, and he was awarded Fellowships
or Memberships of all the leading scientific academies throughout the world. He
gained numerous awards in recognition of his work, including the Copley Medal of
the Royal Society of London in 1925, and the Franklin Medal of the Franklin
Institute in 1935.
Einstein's gifts inevitably resulted in his dwelling much in intellectual
solitude and, for relaxation, music played an important part in his life. He married
Mileva Maric in 1903 and they had a daughter and two sons; their marriage was
dissolved in 1919 and in the same year he married his cousin, Elsa Löwenthal, who
died in 1936. He died on April 18, 1955 at Princeton, New Jersey. Bibliography
View Full Document
- Fall '08