Report.docx - Task 1 Write a 1000 words 10 report...

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Task 1: Write a 1000 words (+/- 10%) report explaining a. The detailed design of a simple addressing solution (with diagram(s) and step by step workout of the calculations) that leaves room from growth, is easy to administer and has the maximum wastage of available IP address space. Network Topology with Instructions Figure 1 Finance Office - 260 workstations IP Address 10.0.0.0/23 Subnet mask 255.255.254.0 Converting the subnet mask to binary 11111111.1111111.11111110.00000000 Calculations We have to calculate for the following: No of subnets = 2^x Where X is the number of masked bits, or the 1s. No of subnets = 2^7 =128 No of hosts = 2^y-2 Where Y is the number of unmasked bits, or the 0s No of hosts = 2^9-2 = 512 -2 = 510 Valid Subnet = 256 - subnet mask = block size, or base number. 256 - 254 = 2 Broadcast for each Subnet? The broadcast address is all host bits turned on, which is the number immediately preceding the next subnet. Valid Hosts Valid hosts are the number between the subnets, omitting all 0s and all 1s.
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Subnet ID First Host Last Host Broadcast ID 0.0 0.1 1.254 1.255 2.0 2.1 3.254 3.255 4.0 4.1 5.254 5.255 6.0 6.1 7.254 7.255 8.0 8.1 9.254 9.255 10.0 10.1 11.254 11.255 12.0 12.1 13.254 13.255 14.0 14.1 15.254 15.255 16.0 16.1 17.254 17.255 18.0 18.1 19.254 19.255 20.0 20.1 21.254 21.255 22.0 22.1 23.254 23.255 24.0 24.1 25.254 25.255 26.0 26.1 27.254 27.255 28.0 28.1 29.254 29.255 30.0 30.1 31.254 31.255 32.0 32.1 33.254 33.255 34.0 34.1 35.254 35.255 36.0 36.1 37.254 37.255 38.0 38.1 39.254 39.255 40.0 40.1 41.254 41.255 42.0 42.1 43.254 43.255 44.0 44.1 45.254 45.255 46.0 46.1 47.254 47.255 48.0 48.1 49.254 49.255 50.0 50.1 51.254 51.255 52.0 52.1 53.254 53.255 54.0 54.1 55.254 55.255 56.0 56.1 57.254 57.255 58.0 58.1 59.254 59.255 60.0 60.1 61.254 61.255 62.0 62.1 63.254 63.255 64.0 64.1 65.254 65.255 …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 254.0 254.1 255.254 255.255 Transport Office - 130 workstations
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IP Address 10.0.0.0/24 Subnet mask 255.255.255.0 Converting the subnet mask to binary 11111111.1111111.11111111.00000000 Calculations We have to calculate for the following: No of subnets = 2^x Where X is the number of masked bits, or the 1s. No of subnets = 2^8 =256 No of hosts = 2^y-2 Where Y is the number of unmasked bits, or the 0s No of hosts = 2^8-2 = 256 -2 = 254 Valid Subnet = 256 - subnet mask = block size, or base number. 256 - 255 = 1 Broadcast for each Subnet? The broadcast address is all host bits turned on, which is the number immediately preceding the next subnet.
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