exam 1.docx - Criminology Chapter 1 Criminology scientific...

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Criminology: Chapter 1 Criminology – scientific approach to studying criminal behavior Important areas of interest: Crime as a social phenomenon (crime in different areas are different, cultural difference, different laws) o most criminologist believe that social factors have an impact on crime The process of making laws o for something to be a crime it has to be against the law laws are always evolving , having to make new laws, change laws, etc o define the behavior and define punishment the breaking of laws and reacting toward them breaking the laws development of principles o using scientific method to understand crime and criminal behavior Criminology and Criminal justice: major differences between them criminal justice: system that is in place for us to implement what it is that criminologist are studying Criminology explains the origin of crimes explains the extent and nature of crime in society Criminal justice study of the agencies of social control o police, courts, corrections criminal justice identify affective methods and control crime 1-20-16 Criminology and the Sociology of deviance: *all crime is considered deviance, but not all deviance is considered crime Deviance – behavior that departs from social norms, values, and beliefs but it is not always criminal. (anything hat doesn’t follow a set of norms) Social norms in the south, Louisiana, etc is going to be different in other states; context matters Crime – an act deemed as socially harmful or dangerous that is specifically defined, prohibited, and punished under criminal law o Law has to be written
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o If it is not written down, it is not a law or crime, its deviant What criminologist do: criminology in action: Devoted to the study of crime and criminal behavior Trained in diverse fields Variety of orientations of perspectives (subareas) are not contained within the broad arena of criminology Criminal statistics and crime measurements: *when it comes to human behavior it is difficult to measure certain things. Devise accurate methods of collecting crime data Measure amount and trends of criminal activity Determine who commits crime and where Measure the effects on social policy and social trends on crime rate changes Design crime prevention programs and measure their effectiveness Sociology of law, law and society, sociolegal studies: The role social forces play in shaping criminal law: The history of the law How social forces shape the definition and content of the law (have a right to religion) The impact of legal change on society The relationship between law and social control The effects of criminalization and legalization on behaviors Theory construction in action a systematic set of interrelated statements or principles that explain some aspects of social life theories are based on verifiable social facts (things you can verify and test)
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