EXAM 3.docx - Apr-8-16 Chapter 11 Political Crime and...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Apr-8-16 Chapter 11 Political Crime and Terrorism Political Crime : illegal acts that are designed to undermine an existing government and threaten its survival. “political crimes are not always violent” The Nature of Political Crimes Principle, faith, or conviction Acts are motivated by a higher calling The Goals of Political Criminals Intimidation Revolution Profit Conviction: “because they think it’s the right thing to do” Pseudo-Conviction Becoming a Political Criminal Criminals share a pattern of cognitive stages: o Stage 1: “It’s Not right” o Stage 2: “It’s not fair” o Stage 3: “It’s your fault” o Stage 4: “You’re Evil” Types of Political Crimes Crimes that are designed to change, alter, or control the political process: o Election Fraud o Abuse of office/Public Corruption o Treason: “act of disloyalty to ones nation or state” o Espionage: “basically spying for another country or on your own country” o State Political Crime o Using Torture Apr-11-16 Terrorism US State Department Definition: o Terrorism means premeditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated against noncombatant targets by subnational groups or clandestine agents, usually intended to influence an audience.
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
o International terrorism means terrorism involving citizens or the territory of more than one country. o A terrorist group is any group practicing, or that has significant subgroups that practice, international terrorism. Guerilla: rural focus but may infiltrate urban areas in small bands, attack the military, the police, and government officials, and eventually organize into the form of a conventional military force. Terrorist: Urban focus but may infiltrate rural areas, operate in small bands of three to five members, and target the property or persons of their enemy. Terrorist and Insurgent o The goal of an insurgent is to confront the existing government for control of all or a portion of its territory, or to force political concessions in sharing political power by competing with the opposition government for popular support. Terrorist and Revolutionary: a revolutionary engages in a civil war fought between nationalists and a sovereign power that holds control of the land, or between the existing government and local groups over issues of ideology and power. Brief History of Terrorism o Religious Roots o First terrorist activities committed by members of minority religious groups who engaged in violence in order to gain the right to practice their own form of religion, and to establish the supremacy of their own religion. o Political Roots: when rulers had absolute power, terrorists acts viewed as one means to gain political rights o The Term terrorist first became popular during the French Revolution o Use of the word terrorism began in 1795 in the reference to the Reign of Terror.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern