4-19-06 - 15th Amendment o Secures the right to vote for...

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15 th Amendment o Secures the right to vote for the freedmen (men only) o Bitter blow to the women who worked for emancipation and sufferage o They had hoped the franchise would extend to women as well. o Upturns balance of power between national and state govs. National gov now has power to determine who can vote within a state. Revolutionary Changes brought by the ACW o How did the civil war change the united states Amendments to the constitution o 13 th amendment – abolishes slavery The emancipation proclamation only… 14 th Amendment o in the post bellum era, this evolved as the most important and controversial of the amendment. o Reaffirms precedent established in McCulloch v. Maryland – states may not make a law that contravenes federal law. o 1) all persons born in the US are citizens of the US and the state in which they reside. No State shall … Deprive any person o life liberty or property without due process of the law. o Why is this necessary? The “usurps” the states’ right to determine who is a citizen of the state. This provision used in the late 19 th century to twart state regulation of business(business = person) Dramatic implications later as immigration to US increases. Overturned the Dred Scott Decision
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4-19-06 - 15th Amendment o Secures the right to vote for...

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