CHAP14.PDF - Crisisand Absolutism in Europe 15501715 Key...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
426 Crisis and Absolutism in Europe 1550–1715 Key Events As you read this chapter, look for these key events in the history of Europe during th sixteenth, seventeenth, and early eighteenth centuries. The French religious wars of the sixteenth century pitted Protestant Calvinists against Catholics. From 1560 to 1650, wars, including the devastating Thirty Years’ War, and economic and social crises plagued Europe. European monarchs sought economic and political stability through absolutism and the divine right of kings. Concern with order and power was reflected in the writings of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke. The Impact Today The events that occurred during this time period still impact our lives today. The ideas of John Locke are imbedded in the Constitution of the United States. The works of William Shakespeare continue to be read and dramatized all over the world. World History Video The Chapter 14 video, “Louis XIV: The Sun King,” chronicles the practice of absolutism in France during the 1600s. 1500 1550 1558 Elizabeth I becomes queen of England c. 1520 Mannerism movement begins in Italy 1566 Violence erupts between Calvinists and Catholics in the Netherlands St. Francis, as painted by Mannerist El Greco Elizabeth I
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
427 Versailles was the center of court life during the reign of Louis XIV. HISTORY Chapter Overview Visit the Glencoe World History Web site at and click on Chapter 14–Chapter Overview to preview chapter information. wh.glencoe.com 1600 1650 1700 1598 French Wars of Religion end 1618 Thirty Years’ War begins in Germany 1648 Peace of Westphalia ends Thirty Years’ War 1689 Toleration Act of 1689 is passed in English Parliament 1690 John Locke develops theory of government 1701 Frederick I becomes king of Prussia Gustavus Adolphus, the king of Sweden, on the battlefield John Locke
Image of page 2
428 ouis XIV has been regarded by some as the perfect embodiment of an absolute monarch. Duc de Saint-Simon, who had firsthand experience of French court life, said in his memoirs that Louis was “the very figure of a hero, so imbued with a natural majesty that it appeared even in his most insignificant gestures and movements.” The king’s natural grace gave him a special charm: “He was as dignified and majestic in his dressing gown as when dressed in robes of state, or on horseback at the head of his troops.” He excelled at exercise and was never affected by the weather: “Drenched with rain or snow, pierced with cold, bathed in sweat or covered with dust, he was always the same.” He spoke well and learned quickly. He was naturally kind, and “he loved truth, justice, order, and reason.” His life was orderly: “Nothing could be regulated with greater exactitude than were his days and hours.” His self-control was evident: “He did not lose control of himself ten times in his whole life, and then only with inferior persons.”
Image of page 3

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern