Sociology 2001 - Exam 2 notes.docx

Sociology 2001 - Exam 2 notes.docx - ON TEST Groups...

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9/17/15 ON TEST Groups orgainizations and Race and enthicity Stratification Politics and economy, not political systems Chapter 6: Groups, organizations, and networks -Dyad A-------B- two people interacting with each other Triad- three people interacting with each other (triangle) -Changes from a dyad in that- third point, less close relationship, attention has to be spilt, shift in dialect, changes dynamics in many different ways -Group- is two or more people What constitutes a group? Each individual has a certain connection to the other members of the group, can be a matter of business or friendship, a blunt relationship -Members of the group interact with each other on a regular basis Types of Groups: Primary groups - consists of people we have very close personal relationships with. Close relatives and friends. They tend to be smaller, and tend to involve long lasting relationships, are also more intiment, whom we share our thoughts and feelings. - Diffuse interactions - do many different things with friends and close family members, - Expressive needs - these are filled by our primary groups, these are the relationships we find emotionally satisfying Secondary groups- people we know but we aren’t that close with. Causal friends, schoolmates, or people you just know of, people you never become close friends with. Tend to be much larger than secondary groups. Our interactions tend to be more specific. - Instrumental needs - fulfilled by secondary group - reference groups - groups used as a standard of evaluation, groups we compare ourselves to positively or negatively. -Not groups
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- Crowd s- large numbers of unacquainted people, who come together in the same place and time for the same purpose -Aggregates - large numbers of people who gather at the same place and time for all different reasons. Like people at the mall - Social categories - how people in social sciences divide people up. For example, people are divided by, racial and ethical categories, sex, social classes, economic classes, age groups. “best generation, generation X, generation y” do this because we think these people share the same characteristics. Many more differences within the groups of people you lump together than similarities. A lot more in group variation, than between group variation. Why do we join groups? Sometimes we don’t have choices. For example, where we are born and who our family is, what school we go to. But we can still pick many other groups, what groups we join and what colleges you wanted to go to. Join because we expect to gain some benefits. -material awards, emotional rewards, psychological rewards. - Exchange theory - says that people look at everything in terms of a cost benefit analysis. Estimate expected rewards and weigh the rewards against the risks that are involved in the interactions. If the rewards outweigh the risks we are more likely to engage in that interaction and vice versa.
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