Week 5 Religious Values Gained during MA.doc

Week 5 Religious Values Gained during MA.doc - JAMES COX...

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J AMES C OX R ELIGIOUS V ALUES G AINED DURING MIDDLE AGES Christianity DURING Middle Ages Buddhism DURING Middle Ages Islam DURING Middle Ages Positive 1. Hope - Hope is not a guarantee that bad things will not happen nor is it simply positive thinking or looking on the bright side of life. Hope is the conviction that God has gone into the future before us and will always be with present with his people. Hope is an encouragement not to overlook the many good and positive aspects of life and to be prepared to take risks, not presumptuously, but in humility and prayer, confident that God is still at work. 1. The truth of suffering (Dukkha) - Suffering is real and almost universal. Suffering has many causes: loss, sickness, pain, failure, the impermanence of pleasure. 1. Belief in One God - The most important teaching of Islam is that only God is to be served and worshipped. Also, the biggest sin in Islam is to worship other beings with God. In fact, Muslims believe that it is the only sin that God does not forgive if a person dies before repenting from it. Declaration (shahadah) of faith: “There is no god but Allah, and Muhammad is his Messenger” 2. Faith - Christians believe that faith is an important social value that is grounded in the faithfulness of God. God is faithful, first of all, to his own nature in the sense that he does not alter in terms of his commitment to love, mercy, justice and compassion. God is also faithful in terms of his relationship to people. God’s love is constant and lasts forever and through it people are called to a response of faith. 2. The truth of the origin of suffering (Samudaya) - There is a cause for suffering. It is the desire to have and control things. It can take many forms: craving of sensual pleasures; the desire for fame; the desire to avoid
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