3-22-06 Hist105

3-22-06 Hist105 - Slavery o Use of slaves for forced labor...

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Slavery o Use of slaves for forced labor in the south increased steadily throughout the antebellum era. o Majority of Northerners remained ambivalent about slavery until late antebellum era (1850’s). o Slaves could not be imported after 1808, so an interstate slave trade evolved. Slaves from upper South ( Virginia, North Carolina) sold to lower South and southwestern territories. The Dependant South o (Repeat from past notes) Why did south tolerate this dependency? o (repeat from past notes) Remember o Cotton the backbone of the American economy o Although southern cotton growers rich and influential, they were still dependant on northern economic system to market their cotton. o They make far more money investing in land and slaves than they would investing in factories, canals, etc. So, there is little incentive for individuals to push for industrial base like in the North. o Do not want fed gov developing canals, roads, and infrastructure because of their greatest fear o So , industrialization comes slow to the south. o This keeps slavery entrenched in southern society. Social aspect of slavery o Few southerners owned slaves: o In 1860, only 46,000 of the 8 million white residents in “slave states” actually owned slaves
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3-22-06 Hist105 - Slavery o Use of slaves for forced labor...

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