3-27-06 Hist105

3-27-06 Hist105 - greater supply of capital and labor more...

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Employment of women o First strikes at the Lowell factories occur in 1834 o Primary areas of “gainful employment” for women through most of the 19 th century: domestic service and textile production. Changing Labor o Immigrants displace farm women as factory workers. o Women can still be found in select industries (especially) shoe making but less likely. o Strict sex segregation in most factories that employ men and women. o Class / Race segregation as well. Native born and immigrant workers separated initially, but this breaks down by the civil war. o It was considered inappropriate for white native born women to work with male immigrants. Early Factories o Distribution of industry: New England – poor soil for ag but abundant water power, active commerce, established ports, and an energetic population settled close together. o Middle Atlantic states were favored by direct routes to the interior, by a
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Unformatted text preview: greater supply of capital and labor more varied agriculture and the constant draining off of its population to the west. Iron (later steel) industry develops in Penn. o “Breadstuffs” (grains flour etc.) become important exports o Cities such as New York, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Rochester, and Chicago were located on routes of travel or favored by access to coal or iron. o ACEESS TO TRANSPORTATION – Means for moving finished product from factory to market key in the early success of industry. o Early factories than MUST be located near rivers, lakes, ports for ease of movement of finished product. o WHAT CHANGES THIS REQUIREMENT? – railroad • Industries o Other manufactures that arose Woolen industry Boots and Shoes Iron and Metals (foundries) Processing agricultural products...
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