Critical Thinking Eras of Policing.docx

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Jones 1 La Crisha Jones T. Thomas CRIJ 2328 Oct. 20, 2016 Critical Thinking - Eras of Policing Based on the presentation, there have been three policing eras in America. The first was the political era that lasted from 1840 to 1920 (Cole, Smith, & DeJong, 2015). One likable, essential characteristic of this policing era was that social service provision to maintain social order and satisfy political bosses constituted the principal function and strategic goal of police agencies established in local townships and major cities (Drylie, n.d; Kelling & Moore, 1989). An unlikeable feature was that bribery and police corruption were common practices, which caused the police department to be hopelessly inefficient. Another characteristic was that the police patrolled on foot. Other features of the political era included intimate police-community relationships and relatively fair police remuneration. One of the negatives of the political era, as opposed to contemporary policing, includes many cases of police brutality and bribery. Others include inefficacy of the police due to training and education deficiencies and the lack of control because of the interference by politicians, who used police power positions to reward their political supporters after elections (Anoka-Hennepin School District 11, 2004; Kelling & Moore, 1989). The second American policing period was the professional model era also referred to as the reform or the progressive era. Cole, Smith, and DeJong (2015) confirm that it endured for about five decades (between 1920 and 1970). One core characteristic of this era was the move towards a sense of professionalism to reform many things that required reorganization for
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