8_Module_Eight_Overview.pdf - The Scientific Revolution...

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HIS 374 Module Eight 1 The Scientific Revolution signaled a turning point in European and world history. The Scientific Revolution began with Copernicus’ publication of De Revolutionibus Orbium Coelestium in 1543, which engendered a lively and often heated debate between scholars of the time who deferred to authority and tradition, and scholars whose faith lay in observation and the use of the scientific method to understand the nature of the universe. Galileo, one of the greatest scientific figures of this period, belonged in the latter group of scholars. Galileo can rightly be considered the first true scientist in the Western world since the Classical period. As a scientist, he helped establish and anchor modern scientific methodology, thereby meriting the title of “Father of Modern Science.” Yet, Galileo’s life was also an example of the obstacles and struggles that still hampered scientific inquiry, which
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