InfectionControlChart (1).pdf - Infection Control All...

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Infection/ Condition Isolation/ Precautions Infective Material Duration of Isolation Comments Amebiasis (Entamoeba histolytica) Dysentery Contact Precautions Feces Duration of illness- until symptom free. Bronchiolitis Contact Precautions (for infants and young children only). Respiratory secretions Duration of illness- until symptom free. If respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) antigen positive, refer to RSV. Various etiologic agents have been associated with this syndrome, i.e., respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), parainfluenza viruses, adenoviruses, influenza viruses. Chickenpox (Varicella) Airborne and Contact Precautions Airborne droplets and skin lesions Until all lesions are crusted (at least 5 days after onset of lesions). Susceptible persons should not enter the room. Persons immune from previous varicella infection may enter the room without a mask. Those immune by vaccination should wear a mask when entering the room. A specially vented room is necessary. The door to the client’s room should remain closed. The client must wear a mask when leaving their room. Susceptible clients who have been exposed should be placed on Airborne Precautions beginning 10 days after exposure and continuing through day 21 after last exposure (up to 28 days if VZIG has been given). Clients are considered infectious 2 days before onset of rash and up to 5 days after onset of lesions. After exposure, use varicella zoster immune globulin (VSIZ) as recommended by Infectious Diseases Service. Infection Control All clients admitted to the hospital automatically are considered to be on standard precautions. The diseases listed below require standard precautions plus additional precautions that are noted in the isolation/precaution column.
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Infection/ Condition Isolation/ Precautions Infective Material Duration of Isolation Comments Clostridium difficile enterocolitis Contact Isolation Feces Duration of illness-until symptom free Common cold Droplet Precautions ( for infants and young children only ). Respiratory secretions Duration of illness-until symptom free Rhinoviruses are most frequently associated with the common cold. Infection is usually mild in adults, but may be severe in infants and young children. Other etiologic agents such as respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and parainfluenza viruses may also cause this syndrome. Conjunctivitis, viral (acute hemorrhagic) Decubitus ulcer, infected, major Contact Isolation Contact Isolation Eye drainage Wound drainage Duration of illness-until symptom free Depends on the extent and condition of the ulcer. Major: No dressing or dressing does not adequately contain drainage. Infection Control All clients admitted to the hospital automatically are considered to be on standard precautions. The diseases listed below require standard precautions plus additional precautions that are noted in the isolation/precaution column.
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Infection/ Condition Isolation/ Precautions Infective Material Duration of Isolation Comments Diphtheria Cutaneous Contact Precautions Wound drainage
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