Homework Week 8.docx - ,Bolivia,and Peru ,

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•    In what ways was Chilean economic and political development different in the  period after independence in comparison to its neighbors—Argentina, Bolivia, and  Peru? After Chile’s independence, it wasn’t until the nineteenth century that mining became an  important stepping stone in the country’s social growth. This lead to the appearance of  new elements within the elite, consisting of mine owners in the not truly rival the  traditional landowners. The working class also appeared and was first unionized in the  nitrate fields of the north. The economic development had not required a large  importation of labor, marking Chile’s working class as one of the few, maybe even the  only, countries whose workers are native born. This also gave them greater access to the  political scene. Copper had just revolutionized the technological aspect of Chile just after  1900; however, it wasn’t long before the copper industry was concentrated by the  Americans. The price of copper was also unstable on the world copper, and these helped  with forming a complex social structure.  •   What were the effects of the War of the Pacific on Chile, Peru, and Bolivia? This was the war that Chile had fought both Peru and Bolivia, to begin with. Chile had  managed to achieve a large military triumph and so took control of the mineral-rich  coastal strip that had belonged to Bolivia and Peru. This, in turn, increased the self- confidence of the Chileans, but also resentment among the Peruvians and Bolivians.  Liberal reformers had made new gains in church-state affairs and broadening democratic  participation in the electoral process. Registration of marriage, birth, and death was made  compulsory, which quickly eroded the church’s hold over daily life. The democratic  Party, founded in 1887, had brought in Jos é  Balmaceda, and though this had started a  new trend, it had sealed his fate with a civil war. He had wanted to increase government 
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