14年史纲考题.pdf - 2014-2015 2015 1 8 18:30-20:30 60...

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2014-2015 年学年第一学期中国近现代史纲要期末试题 考试日期:2015 年 1 月 8 日 考试时间:18:30-20:30 全卷满分 60 分,考试时间 120 分钟 一、论述题(共 3 小题,共 36 分) 1. 有人认为,辛亥革命是一朵不结果实的花,请评析这种观点。 2. “这个党(指国民党)从其执政伊始就容忍了各级官员的贪婪受贿、懒散无能、搞裙带关 系和派系斗争——一句话,那个被它推翻了的腐朽官僚制度的一切弊病它全都有了。” (《在 华五十年——司徒雷登回忆录》) 根据这段话,分析国民党兵败大陆的原因和启示。 3. 如何评价过渡时期总路线? 二、材料题(共 24 分) 材料 1 2014 年,又逢甲午。120 年前的 7 月 25 日,中日甲午战争爆发。这场战争的结果使中 日两国自此国运殊途,中华民族一步步走到了亡国灭种边缘。甲午年,成了中国的命运转折 之年。 甲午战争,民之痛、国之殇,以史为鉴知兴替。120 年后的甲午年,被中国人称作全面 深化改革的开局之年,习近平年初担任了中央全面深化改革领导小组组长。而在今年在公开 场合讲话中,习近平两提“甲午”,其中在中国科学院和中国工程院院士大会上,强调坚定 不移走科技强国之路。120 年前的甲午,中华民族国力孱弱,导致台湾被外族侵占。这是中 华民族历史上极为惨痛的一页,给两岸同胞留下了剜心之痛。
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