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NURS 6521N-36 Advanced PharmacologyWeek 8 Discussion Post – Drug Treatments for HIV/AIDSCynthia NwokochaJuly 17, 2017Drug Treatments for HIV/AIDSThe discovery of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) as the causative organism of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and the inability of modern medicine to find a cure for it has placed HIV as one of the most dreaded pathogens of the 21st century (Bhatti, Usman and Kandi, 2016). However, with the advent of antiretroviral therapy (ART), it is now possible to control HIV. Adherence to ART helps to keep the viral load under control and prolong the time of progression to AIDS, resulting in near normal life expectancy. Prevalence of HIV/AIDS and its Relationship to Advanced ARTAccording to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) (2016), they estimated that roughly 1.2 million people in the United States are living with HIV, and nearly one in eight ofthose are not aware that they are infected. Since the height of the epidemic in the mid-1980s, the annual number of new HIV infections in the United States has been reduced by more than two-thirds, from roughly 130,000 in 1985 to approximately 50,000 in 2010 because of treatment advances since the late 1990s; thus, the number of people living with HIV has increased dramatically (CDC, 2016). Although ART as well as access to care and treatment had drastically reduced AIDS-related death rates in the United States, not everyone is reaping the benefits of HIV treatment; and they are of little value to those who are unable to access state-of-the-art care, including treatments for conditions associated