Norms Lecture - Whats So Special About Science? Merton :...

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Unformatted text preview: Whats So Special About Science? Merton : Science is a special community with a special set of norms which produces certified knowledge Popper : Science has a special method which separates science from other activities MERTON'S DEFINITION OF SCIENCE Science is used to denote a series of characteristic methods by means of which knowledge is certified; a stock of accumulated knowledge stemming from the application of these methods; a set of cultural values or norms governing the activities termed scientific. Norms are institutional imperatives , which are shared by members of a particular community. A norm is institutionalized when it is linked to the distribution of rewards . Conformity to a given set of institutional norms is maintained within a community, because it is regularly rewarded and because non-conformity is sanctioned . Honesty is a norm which is better institutionalized in American society than the norm of cheerfulness CUDOS Communism or Communalism...
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Norms Lecture - Whats So Special About Science? Merton :...

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