Notes - Psych243 *FirstcriticalpaperdueSept25th*...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Psych 243 August 28th 2008 **First critical paper due Sept 25th** **No class Tuesday!!** I. The Need for a New Mental Health Perspective A. Toward a Science of Mental Health Table 1.3 Sources of knowledge from the range of human experiences 1 PERSONAL EXPERIENCE - self awareness. 2 TRADITION - long-held culturally specific belief or practice. 3 AUTHORITY - assumed correct knowledge by the information source. 4 LOGIC - a formal non-contradictory cognitive process of problem solving. 5 REVELATION - apparently occurs suddenly without any preparation, as compared insight. 6 INSIGHT - sudden problem-solving that only comes after cognitive preparation. 7 SCIENCE - a procedure of careful observation and precise measurement, often by an experiment. C. Science: A Useful Tool in Human Service Science organizes & measures: - does not create reality - confirms reality within strict limits - psychology uses science for best information about all human behavior Science as a neutral objective method to - - understand how reality actually is - make the best for predictions The “experiment”- a strict observation method to measure the cause of effects
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Table 1.5 Assumptions of science ORDERLY UNIVERSE CAUSAL EVENTS LAWFUL RELATIONSHIPS DISCOVERABLE LAWS Table 1.6 Standards for a scientific fact EMPIRICAL (Observable) PUBLIC (Confirmable) FALSIFIABLE (Testable) PREDICTABLE (Repeatable) Explanation for Science Science is LIMITED!!!!!!!! Can only be used for understanding processes and mechanisms that are observ- able Scientific Questions: “what” (what are the characteristics of a happy person?) “when” (when does time pressure become a stressor?) “how” (how does obesity happen?) Non-scientific question “why” (why is there happiness?) Human Dignity and the Process of Becoming - what are limits for science? 1. Ethical principles of psychology 2. Questions of Human Control - aid other persons until they can be self sufficient - no more than that. 1. Problems facing psychology and psychiatry: - psychotherapy and medical treatments have greatly improved - however, mental disorders have not decreased Examples: - 25-33% severe mental disorder - 70% of depressed patients will relapse - depression leads to other illnesses
Background image of page 2
- depression can be prevented Need a positive approach to the enhancement and maintenance of good mental health What is good mental health? Self-acceptance Positive relations with others Autonomy Environmental mastery Purpose in life Personal growth - Socially (Table 1.2) acceptance actualization September 16th, 2008 Sleep: Is it just a lazy habit? Presenter: Cynthia M. LaJambe, Ph.D. The 24-Hour Sleep-Wake Cycle: A Two-Process Interactive Model Process S - The S leep process (linear) accumulates sleep debt across hours of wake- fulness. Process
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 10/28/2008 for the course PSYCH 243 taught by Professor Brown,frederickmvanderwel,robrech during the Fall '08 term at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

Page1 / 10

Notes - Psych243 *FirstcriticalpaperdueSept25th*...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online