Notes - Psychology 471 September 8th, 2008 Conformity-...

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Unformatted text preview: Psychology 471 September 8th, 2008 Conformity- Conform- Changing attitudes or behaviors to adhere to social norms.- Social Norms- Explicit & implicit rules that reflect social expectations & influence our behavior in social situations.- Conformity can be adaptive & maladaptive- Adaptive-covering your mouth when you sneeze; voting- Maladaptive-cliff jumping; binge drinking Dark Side of Conformity- Deindividuation- Group members discontinue self-evaluation & adopt group norms & attitudes.- Diffusion of Responsibility- The dilution or loss of individual responsibility for behavior when members of a group act in unison Extreme Persuasion: Cults Cult: Definition- Group that:- Shows excessive D evotion to person, idea, or thing.- Uses B rainwashing to persuade , control, & socialize members.- Systematically induces state of psychological D ependency in members.- Members E xploited to achieve leaders goals.- Causes psychological H arm to individuals, families, & community.- These lead to physical &/or psychological isolation from community. Why Do People Join Cults?- Most people do not decide to join a cult- Like the ideas, the people, the feelings they have when theyre with the people.- Drawn in through deception.- Cults tend to target young people (18-30 years old) who are emotionally vulner- able &/or have strong social conscience.- Risk Factors- Emotional vulnerability- Poor family relationships & social support- Poor coping strategies- History of child abuse/neglect Process of Cult Membership- DDD Syndrome- D eception- Using techniques of influence- D ependency- Due to isolation & proliferation of group ideals - D read- Dont want to lose group; dont speak up Cults: Mind Control & Brainwashing Techniques- Milieu (Environment) Control- Limiting communication with outside world.- Sleep deprivation.- Denial of privacy.- Sacrificing Individuality- Group & groups work become more important than the individual.- Influence Through Emotion, Not Intellect- Want you to experience strong emotions (fear, joy, sadness) rather than think- ing & processing. September 10th, 2008 Cults: Mind Control & Brainwashing Techniques- Love Bombing- Giving lots of positive attention; complements, affection, security.- Identification- Members of the cult point out similarities between recruit & them so that the re- cruit begins to feel similar.- Setting an Example & Reciprocity- Members of cult perform behaviors that they eventually want you to perform for them.- Mystical Manipulation- Belief that GROUP is working toward higher purpose & individuals participa- tion is necessary to achieve purpose.- Personal Confession- Being made to feel safe enough that you begin to discuss intimate details about wishes, fears, needs, mistakes.- Loading the Language- Words used by members are loaded with strong emotional meaning....
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Notes - Psychology 471 September 8th, 2008 Conformity-...

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