Greek Terms - Marc Nodine History of Design ID146 The Three...

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Marc Nodine History of Design ID146 The Three Classical Orders: Doric- An order developed by the Greeks characterized by a heavy column with fluted shaft and no base; an echinus and abacus comprise the capital; triglyphs and metopoes with relief sculpture define the freize. Roman Doric columns are more slender than Grecian ones and have a base. Ionic- A Greek order with slender fluted shaft and capital composed of two pairs of volutes or spirals, one pair on the front of the column and one pair on the back. The volutes rest on a circular echinus carved with egg and dart and bead moldings; the shallow abacus also is carved. The shaft is more slender than Doric and has a base. Architrave may be plain or composed of facsia and may be capped by a dentil or egg and dart moldings. Ionic temples do not have antefixes, but may have lion heads to carry rain from the roof. Corinthian- an order developed by the Greeks; rising from a base is the slenderest of fluted shafts, capped by an inverted bell-shaped capital. Two rows of eight acanthus leaves highlight the lower portions, and rising from them are stalks terminating in small volutes that support the abacus. The abacus curves outward to the corners, ending in a point or chamfer, A carved rosette decorates the center; the emtablature resembles that of
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Greek Terms - Marc Nodine History of Design ID146 The Three...

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