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Unformatted text preview: History 101-01 Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658) Led the New Model Army, a Puritan squire with a gift for military leadership. Led England with the Parliament during the Interregnum (1649-1660), after Charles Is death and before Charles IIs rule. Usually portrayed as military dictator; however, that is a somewhat unjust portrayal. Treaty of Westphalia (1648) ended the 30YW. Netherlands gained inde from Spain. HRE shattered and rulers of the German states were given the right to determine the religion of their land. Calvinists were finally given legal recognition. Three new powers came out of this: Sweden, the United Provinces (Dutch?) and France. The Starry Messenger (1610) Galileos treatise in which he deduced that the moon was rife with shadows and depths. This discarded the idea of the perfectly round and flawless heavenly spheres. Also, looking through telescope, saw Jupiter had moons. Further supported Copernicuss heliocentric theory of the universe because told that not all heavenly bodies orbited around the earth. Francis Bacon (1561-1626) Served as lord chancellor under James I. He wanted science to serve as a benefit to the monarchy. Inductive method of science. Gathering information or facts is most important in terms of science. By listing and removing data associated to an event one can deduce an underlying form to that event. knowledge is power Tabula rasa literally means blank slate. John Lockes theory that at birth all are born with a blank slate, which is conditioned over a lifetime to accept literally means blank slate....
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